Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 4 - 2021
Prevalence of Type II Diabetes Mellitus and Associated Risk Factors among Adult Population in Rural Bahri Administrative Unit, Khartoum State, Sudan
Rania Kamal Hussein1, Mater Adam Abdalla2, Abdalmajed MA3*, Bakheta ABA3
1Master Student, AlzaiemAlazhari University, Sudan
2Associate Professor, AlzaiemAlazhari University, Sudan
3Senior Public Health Specialists, Khartoum State, Ministry of Health, Sudan
*Corresponding Author: Abdalmajed MA, Senior Public Health Specialists, Khartoum State, Ministry of Health, Sudan.
Received: March 25, 2021; Published: April 26, 2021


Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is the predominant form of human diabetes. It is worldwide increasing rapidly. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of T2DM and associated risk factors among adult population in Rural Bahri Administrative Unit. A cross-sectional study community based was applied, among 162 adult. Data were collected through structured questionnaires. Anthropometric measurements were taken. Subjects were also screened for random blood sugar sample was drawn from every participant and measured using glucometer strips following the Reference Scale for Normal Random Blood Sugar. The overall preavlence of T2DM was found 11.1%. Socio-demographic factors such gender, age, education level, occupation, residence and relation to member of family with diabetes type 2 were not significantly associated with diabetes type 2 (P > 0.05). Analysis of association of lifestyle factors and other factors and prevalence of diabetes mellitus type 2 revealed that infected with any chronic health problems (94.4%), nutritional status (overweight adult (25 - 29.9) kg/body weight) (77.8%), types of chronic health problems, previous infection of one of family members with any chronic health problems (family history) of diabetes and hypertension (44.4%), diabetes (38.9%) and hypertension (5.6%), frequency of meals intake per day (three meals) (61.1%) followed by 2 meals (38.9%), types of intake any types of tobacco and alcohol mainly intake cigarette (11.1%), practiced of periodic medical check-up, type of practiced of periodic medical check-up mainly blood sugar check-up (50%) were significantly associated with diabetes mellitus type 2 (P < 0.05). Control efforts should be directed on screening and public nutrition programmes.

Keywords: Type II Diabetes Mellitus; Rural Bahri Administrative Unit; Khartoum; Sudan


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Citation: Abdalmajed MA., et al. “Prevalence of Type II Diabetes Mellitus and Associated Risk Factors among Adult Population in Rural Bahri Administrative Unit, Khartoum State, Sudan”. EC Diabetes and Metabolic Research 5.4 (2021): 20-32.

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