Review Article
Volume 5 Issue 1 - 2021
The Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in Nasr Eldin Karam-Allah Center at Atbara Teaching Hospital
SKM Noor1, ME Tayfoor2, Momnien Ibrahim1, Mosab Nouraldein Mohammed Hamad3*, Sarra Osman Bushara1, Atef Musa2 and Osama Khder Ahmed Elmansour4
1Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nile Valley University, Atbara, Sudan
2Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Nile Valley University, Atbara, Sudan
3Phylum of Medical Parasitology, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Health Science, Elsheikh Abdallah Elbadri University, Berber, Sudan
4Department of Medicine, Shendi University, Shendi, Sudan
*Corresponding Author: Mosab Nouraldein Mohammed Hamad, Phylum of Medical Parasitology, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Health Science, Elsheikh Abdallah Elbadri University, Berber, Sudan.
Received: December 20, 2020; Published: December 30, 2020




Abstract

Background: Diabetic eye malady is a health disorder in which impairment to the retina occurs because of diabetes mellitus, as a foremost reason of impaired vision.

Methodology: this is a descriptive, prospective, cross-sectional hospital based study conducted at Nasr Eldin Karamaalah Center at Atbara Teaching Hospital (River Nile State) during the period from October 2018 to March 2019. The sample size was 221. The informations was collected by a questionnaire.

Results:31(57.4%) out of 54 studied cases had non proliferative diabetes retinopathy and 23(42.6%) out of 54 studied cases had proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes retinopathy was higher in females 33(61.1%) than males 21(38.9%). Diabetic retinopathy was reported in 21(38.9%) of the patients aged 61-70 years, 15(27.8%) of the patients aged > 70 years, 10(18.5%) aged 51-60 years, 5(9.3%) aged 41-50 years and 3(5.6%) aged 31-40 years. Incidence of diabetic diabetic retinopathy was higher in patients with longer duration of diabetes mellitus 29(53.7%) than the patients with duration 10 years or less 25(46.3%). Patients with uncontrolled diabetes (HbA1c) had higher prevalence of diabetes retinopathy 34(63%) than patients with controlled diabetes 20(37%).

Conclusion: Female gender, older ages, duration of diabetes mellitus and poor diabetes were associated with the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (P value < 0.05).

Keywords: Diabetic Retinopathy; Atbara; River Nile State; Sudan

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Citation: Mosab Nouraldein Mohammed Hamad., et al. “The Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in Nasr Eldin Karam-Allah Center at Atbara Teaching Hospital”. EC Diabetes and Metabolic Research 5.1 (2021): 17-23.

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