Research Article
Volume 4 Issue 12 - 2020
Diabetes Mellitus and the Other Non-Communicable Diseases - Experience from Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba, Southeast, Nigeria
Marcellinus Nkpozi1*, Chidiebele Ezeude2, Ignatius Ezeani3 and Sunday Chinenye4
1Department of Internal Medicine, Abia State University Teaching Hospital, ABSUTH, Aba, Abia state, Nigeria, West Africa
2Department of Internal Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka/Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria, West Africa
3Department of Internal Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Abia state, Nigeria, West Africa
4Department of Medicine, University of Portharcourt, Portharcourt, Nigeria, West Africa
*Corresponding Author: Marcellinus Nkpozi, Department of Internal Medicine, Abia State University Teaching Hospital, ABSUTH, Aba, Abia state, Nigeria, West Africa.
Received: November 23, 2020; Published: November 30, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: Burden of diabetes mellitus and the other non-communicable diseases in Nigeria has been on the increase in recent years. There is paucity of published literature on the pattern and outcome of medical admissions of the non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Aba, Southeast, Nigeria and this constitutes the rationale for this study.

Subjects and Methods: Patients admitted to the medical wards of Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba, on account of NCDs between May 1, 2007 and April 30, 2017 were recruited into the study. Nurses' admission/discharge registers, death certificates and patients case notes were used to extract the needed data for this study. All relevant data extracted were entered into and analyzed with Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software.

Results: A total of 4641 patients were admitted because of diabetes mellitus-related complications and the other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), made up of 2245 (48.4%) males and 2396 (51.6%) females. Non-communicable diseases were the predominant diagnoses among the 6587 medical in-patients within the study period and they included cardiovascular diseases, DM-related complications, cancers, chronic liver diseases, chronic kidney diseases and chronic lung diseases at 42.7%, 26.3%, 2.9%, 6.7%, 9.03% and 2.8% respectively. With an overall mortality of 22.5% among the NCD admissions, the commonest cause of NCD deaths were the cardiovascular diseases especially stroke. A large percentage of the subjects that died (75.7%) passed on within the acute phase of hospitalization.

Conclusion: The burden of diabetes mellitus and the other NCDs in the medical wards of the only teaching hospital in Aba, Southeast Nigeria is worrisome. Mortality of the NCDs in the medical wards is high especially from stroke and DM.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus; Medical Wards; Non-Communicable Diseases; Southeast; Nigeria

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Citation: Marcellinus Nkpozi., et al. “Diabetes Mellitus and the Other Non-Communicable Diseases - Experience from Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba, Southeast, Nigeria”. EC Diabetes and Metabolic Research 4.12 (2020): 14-24.

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