Research Article
Volume 4 Issue 9 - 2020
The Knowledge of Diabetes, Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications. Where are we?
Jagjit Singh1, Lalit Kumar2* and Maghav Sharma3
1Professor and Head Department of Medicine, Adesh Medical College, Mohri, Shahbad, Kurukshtera, Haryana, India
2Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Adesh Medical College, Mohri, Shahbad, Kurukshtera, Haryana, India
3Medical Student, Maharishi Markandeshwar Medical College and Hospital, Kumarhatti, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author: Lalit Kumar, Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Adesh Medical College, Mohri, Shahbad, Kurukshtera, Haryana, India.
Received: March 06, 2020; Published: August 31, 2020




Abstract

Globally, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is considered as one of the most common diseases. The etiology of T2DM is complex and is associated with irreversible risk factors such as age, genetic, race and ethnicity and reversible factors such as diet, physical activity and smoking. The objectives of this review are to examine various studies to explore relationship of T2DM with different dietary habits/patterns and practices and its complications. Dietary habits and sedentary lifestyle are the major factors for rapidly rising incidence of DM among developing countries. In type 2 diabetics, recently, elevated HbA1c level has also been considered as one of the leading risk factors for developing microvascular and macrovascular complications. Improvement in the elevated HbA1c level can be achieved through diet management; thus, the patients could be prevented from developing the diabetes complications. Awareness about diabetes complications and consequent improvement in dietary knowledge, attitude and practices lead to better control of the disease. The purpose to conduct this study was to know how many people know about diabetes, diet, management and its complications. We found some interesting results in this study regarding the knowledge about diabetes, dietary habits and complications, which is very poor in sense of knowledge of diabetes. Health care sector must do something to sensitize the people about diabetes, its complications and healthy food practices.

Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM); HbA1c; Diabetes; Diet; Management; Complications

References

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Citation: Lalit Kumar., et al. “The Knowledge of Diabetes, Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications. Where are we?". EC Diabetes and Metabolic Research 4.9 (2020): 21-26.

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