Editorial
Volume 4 Issue 7 - 2020
Diabetes and Covid 19: Current Status!
Carmine Finelli1,2*
1Department of Internal Medicine, Ospedale Cav. R. Apicella - ASL Napoli 3 Sud, Via di Massa, Pollena, Napoli, Italy
2Covid Hospital Boscotrecase - ASL Napoli 3 Sud, Via Lenza, Boscotrecase, Napoli, Italy
*Corresponding Author: Carmine Finelli, Department of Internal Medicine, Ospedale Cav. R. Apicella - ASL Napoli 3 Sud, Via di Massa, Pollena, Napoli, Italy.
Received: May 27, 2020; Published: June 30, 2020




Abstract

The infection with coronavirus disease - 2019 (COVID-19) is a double risk for patients with diabetes. Diabetes has been stated to be a risk factor for the seriousness of the condition, whereas patients continue to regulate glucose in a situation of lower and more complex intake of food.

COVID-19 is caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2), which has spread rapidly to many more than 160 countries worldwide [1,2]. The mechanism for transmitting the virus is mainly through the transfer of respiratory droplets between humans [1]. The average incubation period is 5 days, accompanied by symptomatic illness lasting 1 - 2 weeks [3]. It is characterized by a wide range of symptoms including coughing, fever, myalgia and breathing problems like viral pneumonia, and respiratory failure. In the worst cases, these can lead to death [4-6]. The average duration from first hospitalizations has been 6 - 7 days [7-9]. A percentage of those infected are either without symptoms (but still infective) or who have mild symptoms [10-12].

References

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  2. Finelli C. “Obesity and Covid 19: Possible Risks!”. EC Endocrinology and Metabolic Research6 (2020): 1-3.
  3. Lauer SA., et al. “The Incubation Period of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) From Publicly Reported Confirmed Cases: Estimation and Application”. Annals of Internal Medicine 9 (2020): 577‐582.
  4. Deng Y., et al. “Clinical characteristics of fatal and recovered cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China: a retrospective study”. Chinese Medical Journal (2020).
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  11. Park SW., et al. “The time scale of asymptomatic transmission affects estimates of epidemic potential in the COVID-19 outbreak (2020): 100392.
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  13. Azziz-Baumgartner E., et al. “Mortality, severe acute respiratory infection, and influenza-like illness associated with influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 in Argentina, 2009”. PLoS One10 (2012): e47540.
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  15. Kumar A., et al. “Is diabetes mellitus associated with mortality and severity of COVID-19? A meta-analysis”. Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome 4 (2020): 535‐545.
  16. Zhou T., et al. “Role of Adaptive and Innate Immunity in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus”. Journal of Diabetes Research (2018): 7457269.
  17. Morgan DJ., et al. “Innate Immune Cell Suppression and the Link With Secondary Lung Bacterial Pneumonia”. Frontiers in Immunology 9 (2018): 2943.
  18. Wu Y., et al. “Risk factors contributing to type 2 diabetes and recent advances in the treatment and prevention”. International Journal of Medical Sciences 11 (2014): 1185‐1200.
  19. Al-Goblan AS., et al. “Mechanism linking diabetes mellitus and obesity”. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy 7 (2014): 587‐591.
  20. Honce R and Schultz-Cherry S. “Impact of Obesity on Influenza A Virus Pathogenesis, Immune Response, and Evolution”. Frontiers in Immunology 10 (2019): 1071.
  21. Finelli C. “Obesity and immunotherapy: the surprisingly positive association!”. Immunotherapy (2020).
  22. Marillier M., et al. “Breathing at Extremes: The Restrictive Consequences of Super- and Super-Super Obesity in Men and Women”. Chest (2020).
  23. Boukhris M., et al. “Cardiovascular implications of the COVID-19 pandemic: a global perspective”. Canadian Journal of Cardiology (2020).
  24. Liu M., et al. “Potential Role of ACE2 in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Prevention and Management”. Journal of Translational Internal Medicine 1 (2020): 9‐19.
  25. Furuhashi M., et al. “Potential differential effects of renin-angiotensin system inhibitors on SARS-CoV-2 infection and lung injury in COVID-19”. Hypertension Research (2020): 1‐4.
  26. Javanmard SH., et al. “Angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) and angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) use in COVID-19 prevention or treatment: A paradox”. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology (2020): 1‐2.
  27. Hine JL., et al. “Association between glycaemic control and common infections in people with Type 2 diabetes: a cohort study”. Diabetic Medicine 4 (2017): 551‐557.
Citation: Carmine Finelli. “Diabetes and Covid 19: Current Status!". EC Diabetes and Metabolic Research 4.7 (2020): 09-12.

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