Research Article
Volume 4 Issue 5 - 2020
Glycemic Control: Pattern, Determinants and Consequences among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Ajman-United Arab Emirates
Salah Abdul Qahar Dawood Al-Ani1*, Rizwana Burhanuddin Sheikh2, Lujain Mutteb Abdulkareem3 and Mahir Khalil Jallo4
1Medical Department, Al Jazeera Medical Equipment Trading L.C.C, United Arab Emirates
2Associate professor Department of Community, Gulf Medical University, United Arab Emirates
3Family Medicine consultant MOH, Musharrif Primary healthcare center, United Arab Emirates
4Clinical Professor and consultant Endocrinologist, Gulf Medical University and Thumbay Academic Health Center, United Arab Emirates
*Corresponding Author: Salah Abdul Qahar Dawood Al-Ani, Medical Department, Al Jazeera Medical Equipment Trading L.C.C, United Arab Emirates.
Received: June 17, 2020; Published: April 30, 2020




Abstract

Background: About 19.5% of the UAE's population is now living with diabetes. More than 90% of diabetic subjects have type 2 diabetes. Strict glycemic control is imperative to prevent the acute and chronic complications of diabetes.

Aim of Study: To assess the pattern of the glycemic control among patients with type II diabetes mellitus.

Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted among 256 patients with type 2 diabetes in Ajman, using an interviewer questionnaire to achieve the objectives of this research. The research was approved by the “Ethics and Research Committees” of GMU and MOH, UAE. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 22. Logistic regression analysis was done to identify the predictors of poor glycemic control.

Results: The frequency of poor glycemic control was very high with 62.1% of the participants having HbA1c value of ≥ 7%. The age increased glycemic control improved. Employed participants had almost three times more odds of poor glycemic control than the unemployed participants. There was no significant difference in Age, nationality, marital status, level of education, or living status of the participants. Overweight and obesity had a poor glycemic. Where those with low physical activity had poor glycemic. Those who did not receive diet counseling had almost 3 times more chance of poor glycemic.

Conclusion: The frequency of poor glycemic control was very high with 62.1% of the participants having HbA1c value of ≥ 7.

Keyword: Glycemic Control; Pattern; Diabetes Mellitus; Ajman; UAE

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Citation: Salah Abdul Qahar Dawood Al-Ani., et al. “Glycemic Control: Pattern, Determinants and Consequences among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Ajman-United Arab Emirates". EC Nutrition 4.5 (2020): 35-46.

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