Research Article
Volume 1 Issue 1 - 2017
Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus among Patient Presented in Endocrinology Clinic at King Abdul-Aziz Hospital and Oncology Center – Jeddah – 2014
Noha Rihab Baeshen1*, Fawaz Obadan Alzamil2, Abdulaziz Mohammed Badarb1, Dania Hussain Almunami1, Kholoud Abdullah Alharbi2, Nada Mohammed Omar Shabbar3, Dima Ammar Fatahi3, Abrar Essam Mounshi2, Afnan Ali Alghamdi1, Bader Saad Alsulaimani1, Sarah Abdullah Alsharief1, Haya Abdulrahman Alnafisah3, Zeina Fawaz Alkilany4, Hadeel Ali AlQahtani1 and Mohanad Yasser Attal5
1Department of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, King Abdulaziz Hospital Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3King abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4Tishreen University, Lattakia, Syria
5Battarjee Medical College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
6Jordan university of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
*Corresponding Author: Zina Abdulkareem Al Zahidy, Department of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, King Ab-dulaziz Hospital Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: February 04, 2017; Published: February 11, 2017




Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major public health problem worldwide. The epidemiology of DM has changed by new recommendations for the diagnosis of diabetes. Therefore, we designed this study with the objective to determine the prevalence of DM among Saudis of both sexes, between the ages of 20 - 70 years in rural as well as urban communities.

Results: The prevalence of DM was 62.5%; of them 37.94%men and 24.57%women. The prevalence of DM increased with age of patients over45 years 44.15%. DM was associated with various measures of adiposity. DM was also associated with and family history of diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and least with cardiovascular disease in both sexes.

Conclusion: The overall prevalence of DM in adults in KSA is 62.5%. With a desire of targeting high risk groups should be implemented for prevention of DM by organizing a national prevention program at community level. For practical and logistic reasons, the study population was drawn from the local primary health care centers’ catchment’s areas. The catchment’s population of each primary care center was taken as a cluster.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus; Dyslipidemia; Hypertension

References

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Citation: Zina Abdulkareem Al Zahidy., et al. “Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus among Patient Presented in Endocrinology Clinic at King Abdul-Aziz Hospital and Oncology Center – Jeddah – 2014”. EC Nutrition 1.1 (2017): 02-07.

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