Review Article
Volume 19 Issue 2 - 2020
Recent Advances in Apexification
Ahmed Safaa Waly1*, Elham Abdulrab Alqahtani2, Anhar Abdullah Binomran2, Hatoon Abdullah Barayan2 and Afnan Mohammed Ahyaf2, Sarah Hassan Alrashdy2, Ghadeer Bakr Omar2, Sarah Hassan Almobarak2, Amjad Saleh Alharthi3, Maryam Hassan Ali Alawadand Hadeel Mohammed Alfiyadh5
1Al-Faraby Dental and Nursing College, Saudi Arabia
2Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
3King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
4Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Saudi Arabia
5Princess Norah University, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Ahmed Safaa Waly, Al-Faraby Dental and Nursing College, Saudi Arabia.
Received: January 04, 2020; Published: January 22, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: Apexification is the process of formation of an apical barrier in immature teeth with necrotic pulp. The procedure includes removal of necrotic pulp followed by debridement of the canal and filling it with calcium inducing material like calcium hydroxide and Mineral Trioxide Aggregate. Recently, many calcium forming materials have been developed in the market that is replacing MTA and conventional calcium hydroxide making single visit apexification possible. 

Aim of the Work: This review aims to highlight the process of apexification and talks about the new materials used for debridement and filling of the canal. 

Methodology: This review is a comprehensive research of PUBMED from the year 1960 to 2018.

Conclusion: Immature teeth with necrotic pulp have a complicated treatment plan. Apexification aims at the induction of an apical closure and continued development of root. Calcium Hydroxide is the gold standard used for apexification, but recently MTA has proven to be as successful. Biodentine further gives the advantage of lesser setting time and hence facilitates single visit apexification. 

Keywords: Apexification; Immature Teeth; Irrigants; Apexification Restoration

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Citation: Ahmed Safaa Waly., et al.“Recent Advances in Apexification”. EC Dental Science 19.2 (2020): 01-07.

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