Review Article
Volume 19 Issue 1 - 2020
Prevalence of Malocclusion in Saudi Arabia Children: A Literature Review
Ameera I Amer 1, Amnah Naif Alrasheedi 2, Moayyad Ibrahim Alharbi 3, Ali Mansour Aldalaan 4, Hawra Saeed Almoallim 5, Sahir Abdulrzag Alsaiad 6, Arwa Ahmed Badeeb 7, Danah Saeed Basaad 8, Rana Adel Reda 9, Ahmed Abdullah Bahamid 10, Abdullah Sultan Alhumali 11 and Hassan Abdullah Alzahrani 12
1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, East Jeddah Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2College of Dentistry, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
3Dental Preventive Department, Ministry of Health, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
4College of Dentistry, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University For Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5College of Dentistry, Ajman University of Sciences and Technology, Ajman, UAE
6Primary Health Care, Ministry of Health, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
7College of Dentistry, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
8Primary Health Care, Ministry of Health, Al Qurayyat, Saudi Arabia
9College of Dental Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
10Faculty of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
11Primary Health Care, Ministry of Health, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
12Comprehensive Specializesd Clinic, Public Security Training City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Ameera I Amer, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, East Jeddah Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: November 22, 2019; Published: December 17, 2019




Abstract

There is a wide range of reported prevalence of malocclusions in Saudi Arabia, which reflects variations in study populations with respect to ethnicity and age and also lack of conformity of methods of registration. Age has an impact on the prevalence of different malocclusions. We performed an extensive literature search of the Medline, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases on the 1st of October in 2019 using the medical subject headings (MeSH) terms “Malocclusion” AND “Saudi Arabia”. Papers discussing the prevalence of malocclusion among Saudi children were screened for relevant information. The search date was limited to the last 10 years to get the most updated evidence. Class I molar, canine, and incisal relationships was a dominant feature among Saudi children. Crowding was the most prevalent malocclusion trait, followed by spacing and overbite. Dental trauma, oral hygiene, and oral habits (e.g. digit sucking) are important factors to predict malocclusion prevalence. These findings will help in understanding the occlusion status in order to plan for prevention and treatment of malocclusion among Saudi children.

Keywords: Malocclusion; Saudi Arabia; Children

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Citation: Ameera I Amer., et al. “Prevalence of Malocclusion in Saudi Arabia Children: A Literature Review”. EC Dental Science 19.1 (2020): 01-06.

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