Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 2 - 2020
Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis among School Children Aged 7 - 12 Years in Hail City, Saudi Arabia
Hassan Kasim Haridi*, Budoor A Alshammary, Fahad H Albaqawi, Mona M Alshammry, Mohammed E Alhumaid, Rashid S Alhur, Yazeed Y Alshaghdali and Mai H Alshammary
Research Studies Department, Ministry of Health, Hail, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Hassan Kasim Haridi, Research Studies Department, Ministry of Health, Hail, Saudi Arabia.
Received: December 23, 2019; Published: January 08, 2020


Background: This study aimed to find out the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis among school children aged 7 - 12 years and to correlate risk factors with dental fluorosis in Hail region, Saudi Arabia.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional design having been employed to carry out this study having a sample size of 603 was assigned based on assumptions of a 5% margin of error, within confidence level 99%, expected prevalence 70% based on previous studies for a population size at 30000. Sample has been increased by 10% more to compensate for non-response. However, 650 participants were sought. Assessment of dental fluorosis was recorded using Dean's index. Data processing and statistical analyses were performed using the Epi Info statistical package version 7 (CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA).

Result: Prevalence of dental fluorosis was found to be 77,3% were affected by any degree of dental fluorosis, with no statistical significant difference found for gender (p = 0.521) or Age groups (p = 0.157). The prevalence of dental fluorosis was not affected by residence (p = 0.964), brushing teeth (p = 0.183), use fluorinated paste (p = 0.842) or having the habit of swallowing paste (p = 0.588).

Conclusion: Prevalence of dental fluorosis among younger school children in Hail city was found to be high, which supports the previous reports pointed to the high prevalence of dental fluorosis among adolescents and adults and imply a higher fluorine consumption among Hail population. Further research on contributing factor for dental fluorosis in Hail region and other localities of Saudi Arabia are needed.

Keywords: Severity; Prevalence; Children; Risk Factor; Dental Fluorosis


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Citation: Hassan Kasim Haridi., et al. “Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis among School Children Aged 7 - 12 Years in Hail City, Saudi Arabia”. EC Dental Science 19.2 (2020): 01-06.

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