Review Article
Volume 19 Issue 2 - 2020
Overview of Management of Temporomandibular Joint Ankylosis
Yagoub Dhafer Alyami*, Hani Abdulaziz Taher Al Qataberi, Rayana Mahmoud Ramadan, Jumana Hassan Subahi, Meaad Haroon Al Shareef, Waad Haroon Al Shareef and Aya Talat Bin Yousef
Alfarabi Private College, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Yagoub Dhafer Alyami, Alfarabi Private College, Saudi Arabia.
Received: January 03, 2020; Published: January 22, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: Temporomandibular joint ankylosis is a bony or fibrous union of the joint components resulting in limitations in mouth opening, difficulties in mastication, speech, and oral hygiene, which can, in turn, influence mandibular growth. Conservative and invasive surgical procedures can be used to treat the condition depending upon the severity of the ankylosis and the age of the patient.

Aim of the Work: The review summarizes various methods to manage TMJ ankylosis.

Methodology: This article is a comprehensive review of PUBMED from the year 1856 to 2019.

Conclusion: A durable and effective treatment can be attained satisfactorily with the individualized approach in each case. Treatments ranging from arthroplasty of the joint cavity with or without coronoidectomy and joint reconstruction with either a costochondral rib graft or alloplastic material, distraction osteogenesis and intensive mouth-opening exercise, corrective orthognathic surgery, and conservative management have been seen in the literature. No single procedure can be concluded as the standard treatment of the condition.

Keywords: Surgical Treatment; Condylar Injury; TMJ; Ankylosis

References

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Citation: Yagoub Dhafer Alyami., et al. “Overview of Management of Temporomandibular Joint Ankylosis”. EC Dental Science 19.2 (2020): 01-05.

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