Review Article
Volume 19 Issue 2 - 2020
Orthodontic Treatment of Patients with Cleft Lip and Palate-3
Nabeel Hussein Almarzooq1*, Abrar Khalaf Alshabaan2, Fatema Abdullah AlSaman2, Rawan Ibrahem Alskaikhi2, Abrar Abdrabalameer Almarzouq2, Anhar Mohammad Al Harbi2, Dalya Hussien Ali Alali2, Shroq Bader Al-Shareef2, Manar Hamzah Selmi2, Mawadda Adel Alsairafi2, Abdulrahman Abdulghani Sarhan3 and Maher Marwan Aref3
1Care and Beauty Medical Complex, Saudi Arabia
2Al-Farabi College, Saudi Arabia
3Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Nabeel Hussein Almarzooq, Care and Beauty Medical Complex, Saudi Arabia.
Received: January 04, 2020; Published: January 22, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: A child with cleft lip and palate has a defect which can disturb the appearance of individual and speech communication because of the various location of cleft lip and palate within the oral cavity and face region. It drastically affects the growth of the individual and causes esthetic, functional, and psychological disorders. Clefts occur in the embryonic period of intrauterine life present multifactorial etiology associated with genetic and environmental factors. The rehabilitation of clefts involves interdisciplinary approaches such as plastic lip surgery, palatal surgery, secondary alveolar bone grafting as primary surgeries from age 3 to 12 months followed by maxillofacial surgery, orthodontic intervention and speech therapy.

Aim of the Study: The study aims to understand the orthodontic treatment protocol of children with cleft lip and palate.

Methodology: The review is comprehensive research of PUBMED from the year 1993 to 2012.

Conclusion: Cleft lip and palate are one of the most prevalent malformation worldwide and considered to be one relevant health problem by the World Health Organization. Hence the treatment of cleft lip and palate should be initiated soon after the birth and continues up to adulthood. Rehabilitation of cleft involves an interdisciplinary approach. The orthodontic intervention of clefts follows the same principles as an individual without clefts. The protocol includes for intervention of clefts should be consistent, simplified and prioritizing approached which have significant impact on final outcome. The orthodontic intervention of clefts at an early age is avoided due to poor stability, which makes treatment more cumbersome for both parent and child. 

Keywords: Cleft Lip; Cleft Palate; Orthodontic Intervention

References

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Citation: Nabeel Hussein Almarzooq.,et al. “Orthodontic Treatment of Patients with Cleft Lip and Palate-3”. EC Dental Science 19.2 (2020): 01-05.

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