Review Article
Volume 19 Issue 2 - 2020
Maxillofacial Prosthetics
Salah A Yousief1*, Wala’a Fuad Al-Mubarak2, Hussam Ibrahem Al-harthi3, Rawan wadee Tola4, Nada Lafi Aljohani4, Rawan Naji Salem Alsaedi4, Sara Thabet Altarazi4, Alshifaa Abubakr Alshenqiti4, Abdulaziz Mohammed Alrafi5, Ali Salem Alharthi5, Mohammed Fareed Omar Sannan5 and Manal Ali AlRowdan6
1Al Farabi Dental College, Saudi Arabia
2Hussain Alali Hospital, Saudi Arabia
3Taif University, Saudi Arabia
4Taibah University, Saudi Arabia
5Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
6Riyadh Elm University, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Salah A Yousief, Al Farabi Dental College, Saudi Arabia.
Received: January 04, 2020; Published: January 22, 2020


Introduction: Maxillofacial deformities can be unesthetic and can represent in the form of congenital, developmental, post ablative surgery, and traumatic defects which may be embarrassing to the patient. These defects not only compromise with appearance but also the functional and psychological health of the patient. It negatively affects the social life of the patient as well as severely alter the quality of life posing them to severe psychiatric, social and familial problems. The deformities can vary from malformation and developmental disturbance (congenital), pathologies (acquired) and post-trauma and oncosurguries. The ultimate prognosis depends on the type and extent of the defect. Surgical reconstruction by free flaps is usually the choice of treatment but with more advancement in prosthetic rehabilitation, it has become a choice of treatment over surgical intervention due to certain advantages such as observation for recurrence of the certain tumor and other pathologies, technical simplicity, esthetic superiority and cost-effective. Thus, the procedural complexity of surgical reconstruction and post-surgical complications is making it a less preferable choice of treatment. In the past, many decades' several prostheses have been developed for the correction of the maxillofacial defect but the successful treatment will ultimately depend on the correct diagnosis and skill-full decision of the clinician.

Aim of the study: The review represents the different maxillofacial prosthetics used in different debilitating conditions, the aim of the study is to understand the origin and development, different materials and techniques available for the fabrication of maxillofacial prosthetics. 

Methodology: The review is a comprehensive research of PUBMED since the year 1983 to 2019.

Conclusion: The rehabilitation of maxillofacial defects can be very challenging in the field of maxillofacial prosthodontics. A carefully planned prosthetics with sophisticated techniques can finally improve the structural and functional defects. The work of the surgeon and prosthetic specialist are closely allied for full rehabilitation of the patient. The prosthodontist involved should be aware of the situation so that a better service is rendered to the patient.

Keywords: Maxillofacial Prosthetics; Intra-Oral Prosthetics; Extra-Oral Prosthetics; Fabrication Technique


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Citation: Salah A Yousief., et al. “Maxillofacial Prosthetics”. EC Dental Science 19.2 (2020): 01-07.

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