Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 1 - 2020
Involved Factors of Occurrence of Odontogenic Cervico-Facial Cellulitis: A Case-Control Study
Patrick Maholisoa Randrianandraina1*, Aina Herivala Rakotomananjo2, Hery Sitraka Raotoson3, Hery Henintsoa Randrianairina4, Liva Claude Rakotoniaina5 and Andriarimanana Hery nirina Rakotoarisoa6
1Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital of Mahajanga, Madagascar
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital of Toamasina, Madagascar
3Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital of Mahajanga, Madagascar
4Department of Anesthesia, University Hospital of Mahajanga, Madagascar
5Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital of Mahajanga, Madagascar
6Faculty of Medicine, University of Antsiranana, Madagascar
*Corresponding Author: Patrick Maholisoa Randrianandraina, Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital of Mahajanga, Madagascar.
Received: November 15, 2019; Published: December 09, 2019




Abstract

Objective: To determine the sociodemographic and behavioral factor vis avis tooth decay for the occurrence of cervico-facial cellulites.

Materials and Methods: This is an control-case study in the “University Hospital of Mahajanga” from January 2015 to January 2017. This study included patients with cervico-facial cellulitis and tooth decay vs patients with tooth decay alone.

Results: 79 patients were included against 158 control cases. Sex ratio of 1.2, the mean age was 33.4-year-old (+/- 16.4). Stable work status constitutes a protective factor for the occurrence of cervico-facial cellulitis OR = 0,43 [0,22 - 0,44], p = 0,015. Rural zone with OR = 5,10 [2,86 - 9,12], self-medication OR = 4,69 [2,57 - 8,54], antibiotics OR = 3,96 [2,17 - 7,26] were contributing factors. Poor oral hygiene and anti-inflammatory agents are highly associated with the cervico-facial cellulitis.

Conclusion: This study exhibits the importance of sociodemographic and behavioral factors in determining the occurrence of cervico-facial cellulitis among patients with tooth decay. Prophylactic measures would be highlighted for the management of this unsafe pathology.

Keywords: Anti-Inflammatory; Tooth Decay; Cellulitis; Oral Hygiene; Self-Medication

References

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Citation: Patrick Maholisoa Randrianandraina., et al. “Involved Factors of Occurrence of Odontogenic Cervico-Facial Cellulitis: A Case-Control Study”. EC Dental Science 19.1 (2020): 01-06.

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