Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 1 - 2020
Efficacy of Different Implant Abutment Materials on Stress Distribution. (3D Finite Element Study)
Salah A Yousief1,2, Rami M Galal3,4*, Ghadeer Mastour Alqarni5, Anfal Bakur Sarhan5, Bushra Abdulwahab Alsaedi5, Lina Mohammed S Binhurib5, Rabea Ghazi Abid Althagafi5, Mahmoud A Mekky6 and Yara Ahmed Kholedi5
1Restorative Dentistry Department, AL-Farabi Dental College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Crown and Bridge Department, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Al Azhar University, Assuit Branch, Egypt
3Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics Department, National Research Centre, Egypt
4Fixed Prosthodontics Department, Al Nahda University (NUB), Egypt
5General Dentist, Saudi Arabia
6Faculty of dental medicine, south valley university, Qena, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Rami M Galal, Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics Department, National Research Centre, Egypt.
Received: December 05, 2019; Published: December 24, 2019




Abstract

Aim: Abutment materials effect on stress distribution of underneath structures and bone was investigated within this study.

Materials: One model was built under Ansys workbench version 16 environment. Scanning premolar with contact probe scanner generated the crown geometry. On the other hand, all the other components utilized in this study were modeled in 3D by engineering CAD software. Distributed load of 450N was applied on the model to evaluate the effect of wide range of abutment materials as; PEEK, Titanium (Ti), Zirconia (Zr), and Alumina.

Results: PEEK abutment results was extremely high in comparison to other tested materials, so PEEK is not recommended for this function. Deformation and stresses patterns did not change for the other three materials, where the values were slightly different.

Conclusion: Crown deformation highly affected by abutment material rigidity. Similarly, implant and screw receive better-distributed load by the more rigid abutment. While, bone is insensitive to abutment material.

Keywords: PEEK; Titanium (Ti); Zirconia (Zr); Alumina; Premolar; Finite Element Analysis

References

  1. Najeeb S., et al. “Applications of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) in oral implantology and prosthodontics”. The Journal of Prosthetic Research 60 (2016): 12-19.
  2. Schwitalla AD., et al. “Flexural behavior of PEEK materials for dental application”. Dental Material 31 (2015): 1377-1384.
  3. Liebermann A., et al. “Physicomechanical characterization of polyetheretherketone and current esthetic dental CAD/CAM polymers after aging in different storage media”. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 115 (2016): 321-328.
  4. Kurtz SM and Devine JN. “PEEK biomaterials in trauma, orthopedic, and spinal implants”. Biomaterials 28 (2007): 4845-4869.
  5. Schwitalla AD., et al. “Finite element analysis of the biomechanical effects of PEEK dental implants on the peri-implant bone”. Journal of Biomechanics 48 (2015): 1-7.
  6. Wiesli MG and Özcan M. “High-performance polymers and their potential applications as medical and oral implant materials: a review”. Implant Dentistry 24 (2015): 448-457.
  7. Schwitalla A and Müller WD. “PEEK dental implants: a review of the literature”. Journal of Oral Implantology 39 (2013): 743-749.
  8. Sarot JR., et al. “Evaluation of the stress distribution in CFR-PEEK dental implants by the three-dimensional finite element method”. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine 21 (2010): 2079-2085.
  9. DeTolla DH., et al. “The role of the finite element model in dental implants”. Journal of Oral Implantology 26 (2000): 77-81.
  10. Geng JP., et al. “Application of finite element analysis in implant dentistry: a review of the literature”. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 85 (2001): 585-598.
  11. Peixoto HE., et al. “The role of prosthetic abutment material on the stress distribution in a maxillary single implant-supported fixed prosthesis”. Materials Science and Engineering C: Materials for Biological Applications 65 (2016): 90-96.
  12. Al Qahtani WMS., et al. “Recent Advances in Material and Geometrical Modelling in Dental Applications”. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Science 6.6 (2018): 1138-1144.
  13. SKY Implant system.
  14. Güngör MB and Yılmaz H. “Evaluation of stress distributions occurring on zirconia and titanium implant-supported prostheses: a three-dimensional finite element analysis”. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 116 (2016): 346-355.
  15. Kaleli N., et al. “Effect of different restorative crown and customized abutment materials on stress distribution in single implants and peripheral bone: A three-dimensional finite element analysis study”. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 119 (2018): 437-445.
  16. Schwitalla AD., et al. “Finite element analysis of the biomechanical effects of PEEK dental implants on the peri-implant bone”. Journal of Biomechanics 48 (2015): 1-7.
  17. Carvalho MA., et al. “Effect of platform connection and abutment material on stress distribution in single anterior implant-supported restorations: a nonlinear 3-dimensional finite element analysis”. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 112 (2014): 1096-1102. 
  18. Çaglar A., et al. “Three-dimensional finite element analysis of titanium and ytryum-stabilized zirconium dioxide abutments and implants”. The International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants 26 (2011): 961-969.
  19. El-Anwar MI., et al. “Effect of different abutment materials of implant on stress distribution using three-dimensional finite element analysis”. Medical Research Journal 12.2 (2013): 115-123.
  20. JB Quinn and GD Quinn. “A practical and systematic review of Weibull statistics for reporting strengths of dental materials”. Dental Material 26 (2010): 135-147.
  21. CR Leutert., et al. “Bending moments and types of failure of zirconia and titanium abutments with internal implant-abutment connections: a laboratory study”. The International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants 27 (2012): 505-512.
  22. Linkevicius T and Vaitelis J. “The effect of zirconia or titanium as abutment material on soft peri-implant tissues: A systematic review and meta-analysis”. Clinical Oral Implants Research 26 (2015): 139-147.
  23. Blanco J., et al. “Peri-implant soft tissue analyses comparing Ti and ZrO2 abutments: An animal study on beagle dogs”. Clinical Oral Implants Research 27 (2016): 1221-1226.
  24. Mehl C., et al. “Influence of four different abutment materials and the adhesive joint of two-piece abutments on cervical implant bone and soft tissue”. The International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants 31 (2016): 1264-1272. 
Citation: Rami M Galal., et al. “Efficacy of Different Implant Abutment Materials on Stress Distribution. (3D Finite Element Study)”. EC Dental Science 19.1 (2020): 01-07.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


August Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the August issue of respective journals and can be viewed in the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for September Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the September issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before August 21, 2020.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk