Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 2 - 2020
Effect of Remineralizing Agents on Enamel Surface Roughness of Primary Teeth: An In-Vitro Study
Fouad Salama1*, Faika Abdelmegid2, Mohammed Al-Sharhan3, Faisal Al-Mutairi3 and Abdulrahman Al-Nasrallah3
1Professor, Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Detroit Mercy, USA
2Former Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3Former Dental Interns, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Fouad Salama, Professor, Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Detroit Mercy, USA.
Received: December 26, 2019; Published: January 09, 2020




Abstract

Statement of Problem: Different new tooth remineralization agent for caries control to enhance the remineralization process and improve the mechanical properties of the demineralized substrate. Studying the influence of remineralizing agents on roughness of sound and demineralized enamel of primary teeth of critical importance in clinical dentistry.

Purpose: The objective of this in vitro study was to compare the effect of three remineralizing agents [casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP - MI Paste), casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate with fluoride (CPP-ACPF - MI Paste Plus), and hydroxyapatite (Remin Pro) on surface roughness of sound and demineralized enamel of primary teeth in vitro.

Materials and Methods: Sound and demineralized enamel were divided into 8/groups according to the remineralizing agents and control. The initial readings of surface roughness at baseline (T1) and after application of the three remineralizing agents for 30 minutes and seven and a half hours (T2 and T3) were recorded. The surface roughness {Sa = Arithmetic mean height}, {Sp = Maximum peak height}, and {Sv = Maximum valley depth} of the enamel specimens were analyzed.

Results: Sa for sound enamel after 8 hours application to Remin Pro was statistically significantly different from control, MI Paste, and MI Paste Plus. While for demineralized enamel after application of MI Paste was statistically significantly different from control while MI Paste Plus was statistically significantly different from Remin Pro and MI Paste. The lowest Sa at T3 was recorded for sound enamel after application of MI Paste.

Conclusion: There was significant difference of Sa for the sound and demineralized enamel of primary teeth at each tested time (T1, T2, and T3) after application of the remineralizing agents and artificial saliva.

Keywords: Surface Roughness; Remineralizing Agents; Enamel; Primary Teeth

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Citation: Fouad Salama., et al. “Effect of Remineralizing Agents on Enamel Surface Roughness of Primary Teeth: An In-Vitro Study”. EC Dental Science 19.2 (2020): 01-12.

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