Review Article
Volume 19 Issue 2 - 2020
Dental Management of Children with Special Health Care Need
Ahmed Safaa Waly1*, Walaa Basem Ahmed1, Nadia Aqeel Alanazi2, Shahad Amer Alshehri2, Yahay Hassan Alzahrani2, Faris Zaal Alshammari2, Mohammad Abdullatif Alkood2, Maher Marwan Aref2, Anoud Mohammed Alotaibi3, Areej Ayed Derham4 and Waad Amer Aljaber5
1AlFaraby Dental and Nursing College, Saudi Arabia
2Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
3Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Saudi Arabia
4King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
5Ibn Sina National College, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Ahmed Safaa Waly, AlFaraby Dental and Nursing College, Saudi Arabia.
Received: January 03, 2020; Published: January 22, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: Children with special needs are those who have a certain disability that restricts them to perform the routine procedures efficiently and presents with unique challenges for the clinician to provide them better oral health care system which includes a unique treatment planning in terms of medical, behavioural, dental view as well as maintaining oral health over the lifetime. The dental condition of such children is directly or indirectly related to their disabilities. There have been a higher prevalence of dental caries, poor oral hygiene, and other gingival and periodontal diseases associated with disability. This specialty of pediatric dentistry provides both primary and comprehensive, preventive, and therapeutic oral health care to children with special health care needs (SHCN).

Aim of the Study: The purpose of this article is to explain the characteristics of some developmental/acquired disabilities and medically compromised states in children, along with their best suitable dental management provided by an oral healthcare practitioner.

Methodology: The review is comprehensive research of PUBMED from the year 1975 to 2018.

Conclusion: SHCN poses an increased risk of various oral diseases which adversely affect their quality of life. The oral health of children with special health care needs has always been found inadequate when compared to otherwise healthy children in terms of their dentition, anomalies associated, and treatment needs. They are usually given less attention from their families and health professionals due to the treatment challenges involved. Thus, a well-versed team of knowledgeable dentists, equal parental involvement in challenging treatment plans, knowing the level of child’s development for routine skills language and appropriate attention can help a patient to better cope up with treatment.

Keywords: Physically and Mentally Challenged Child; Dental Treatment; Planning

References

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Citation: Ahmed Safaa Waly., et al. “Dental Management of Children with Special Health Care Need”. EC Dental Science 19.2 (2020): 01-08.

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