Review Article
Volume 19 Issue 2 - 2020
Association between Teeth Loss and Nutritional Deficiencies: A Literature Review
Hassan Ahmed Darwish1*, Hassan Essa Alkhalaf2, Asrar Saud Alraddadi3, Fawziah Marwan Ghandoora4, Dania Mohammed Alnowaiser5, Rahaf Abdullah Niyazi6, Hussain Zaki Al Abdulwahhab7, Khulud Ali Zabbani4, Murtadah Hussain Alkhamees8 and Ebtihal Taher Alahdal9
1Gharb Al-Hawiyah Primary Health Center, Ministry of Health, Taif, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Dentistry, Alsaeera General Hospital, Hafer Albatin, Saudi Arabia
3College of Dentistry, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4College of Dentistry, Batterjee Medical College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
5College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
6Department of Dentistry, Samir Abbas Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
7Department of Dentistry, Ras Tanoura General Hospital, Ras Tanoura, Saudi Arabia
8Department of Dentistry, Qaryat Al Ulya Hospital, Qaryat Al Ulya, Saudi Arabia
9Department of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University Dental Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Hassan Ahmed Darwish, Gharb Al-Hawiyah Primary Health Center, Ministry of Health, Taif, Saudi Arabia.
Received: December 30, 2019; Published: January 11, 2020




Abstract

Tooth loss (TL) is considered a reflection of many combined factors related to prior dental diseases, patients’ and dentists’ attitudes, dentist-patient relationship, and availability as well as the accessibility of dental care services. Even though the incidence of tooth loss has declined significantly during the past two decades, there is yet no clear understanding of the epidemiology and burden of such a condition. For that, we performed an extensive literature search of the Medline, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases using the medical subject headings (MeSH) terms. Papers discussing the association between teeth loss and nutritional deficiencies were screened for relevant information. There were no limits on date, language, age of participants or publication type. Periodontal diseases, especially periodontitis, and untreated dental caries are the two major causes of TL, followed by trauma, prosthodontics, and wisdom tooth. It has been reported that tooth loss is associated with various nutritional deficiencies, including vitamin B12, folate, vitamin C, vitamin D3 and calcium deficiency. Various pathways have been reported, where nutritional deficiencies have been correlated with the progression of periodontal diseases, increase clinical attachment loss, and pocket depth with the consequent occurrence of tooth loss. Therefore, we conducted this current investigation to review the recent literature on the association between nutritional deficiencies and the risk of tooth loss.

Keywords: Tooth Loss; Nutritional Deficiency; Review

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Citation: Hassan Ahmed Darwish., et al. “Association between Teeth Loss and Nutritional Deficiencies: A Literature Review”. EC Dental Science 19.2 (2020): 01-07.

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