Review Article
Volume 21 Issue 5 - 2022
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) - Review of Literature
Benoît Carrier DMD, M.Sc Dental*

Doctor in Dental Medicine, University of Montréal, and Master in Dental Sciences, McGill University, Montréal, Canada
*Corresponding Author: Benoît Carrier, Doctor in Dental Medicine, University of Montréal, and Master in Dental Sciences, McGill University, Montréal, Canada.
Received: March 15, 2022; Published: April 13, 2022




Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is one of the six sleep-related disorders classified in the ICSD-3 by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM). Its prevalence has been on a steady increase in the past decade, making it a key health concern in a global scale. China, the United States, and Brazil are among the countries with the highest number of people suffering from OSA. There are numerous treatment options for OSA, with CPAP being the preferred option. However, some patients have tolerability issues with CPAP, which reduces its efficacy in correcting OSA hence the need to use alternative treatment methods that use oral appliances, such as Mini-Implant Assisted Rapid Palatal Expansion (MARPE) and mandibular advancement device (MAD), which have gained widespread popularity. The two treatment options alongside oral pressure therapy have proved beneficial to non-tolerant patients of severe OSA. The periodontal and oral nature of the treatment options makes the inclusion of dentists in the OSA treatment plans critical. However, only qualified dentists who fulfill the requirements to practice dental sleep medicine, as stipulated by the American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine, can offer OSA treatment.

Keywords: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA); Dental Sleep Medicine; Obstructive Apneas; Repetitive Hypopneas; Sleep-Disordered Breathing

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Citation: Benoît Carrier. “Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) - Review of Literature”. EC Dental Science 21.5 (2022): 25-34.

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