Review Article
Volume 21 Issue 1 - 2022
Dentinal Hypersensitivity
Mohammed Hany Ahmad Fouad1*, Burair Muhammed Alameer2, Fawaz Mohammed Sait2, Wed Ali Albogami2, Abdulelah Abdullah alharbi2, Bashaer Abdualziz Alharbi2, Afnan Hashim Balkhy2, Mohammed Mansour Alghamdi3, Israa Jawad Alali3, Ahmed Ali AlGhamdi4, Hasan Shafiq Barri4, Abdulhadi Abdulrahman Alzughaibi4, Emad Ali Alhrbei5, Mohammed Saeed M Alqahtani6 and Raghad Abdulhamid AlMunif7

1Cairo University, Saudi Arabia
2Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
3Al-Farabi Private College, Saudi Arabia
4King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
5Tabih university, Saudi Arabia
6Armed Forces Hospital Southern Region, Saudi Arabia
7Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Mohammed Hany Ahmad Fouad, Cairo University, Saudi Arabia.
Received: December 06, 2021; Published: December 31, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: The complex sensory innervation of dental pulp gives rise to a complicated mechanism of pain transmission. Various stimuli, including thermal, chemical, or tactile, on the exposed dentine may lead to increased pain which is referred to as dentinal hypersensitivity. The unique arrangement of nerve fibers accounts for the increased sensitivity of teeth. The management of hypersensitivity aims at making dentinal tubules impermeable and controlling the nerves inside the pulp, which will bedew the stimulus acting on the pulp.

Aim of Work: This review aims at discussing the various theories of dentinal hypersensitivity and the different management techniques.

Methodology: This review is comprehensive research of PUBMED and Google Scholar from the year 1986 to 2021.

Conclusion: The complex nature of the nervous system in the dental pulp makes the mechanism of tooth pain an enigma to the dentists. In recent times, a better understanding of the nervous system has enabled practitioners to explore various theories behind dentinal sensitivity. Other mechanisms like the disruption of TRP and activation of ATP help in the management of dentine sensitivity. Pulpal inflammation also alters the sensitivity mechanism and causes peripheral sensitization-increased knowledge of the theories behind hypersensitivity help to develop better treatment options.

Keywords: Dentine; Dentinal Hypersensitivity; Odontoblasts; Algoneurons; Sensitization

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Citation: Mohammed Hany Ahmad Fouad., et al. “Dentinal Hypersensitivity”. EC Dental Science 21.1 (2022): 62-68.

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