Research Article
Volume 20 Issue 12 - 2021
A New Approach in Managing Temporomandibular Disorders with Photo Biomodulation

Georgiana Kosmetatou1,2*, Edit Xhanjanka3, Panagiotis G Georgakopoulos1,2, Aggelos-Taxiarchis Georgakopoulos2, Gianna Dipalma1,2, Francesco Inchingolo1,2 and Ioannis P Georgakopoulos1,2

1Department of Interdisciplinary Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy
2World Academy of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry
3Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania
*Corresponding Author: Georgiana Kosmetatou, Department of Interdisciplinary Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy.
Received: November 02, 2021; Published: November 29, 2021




Abstract

Background: Temporomandibular disorders are very frequent among adults. One third of adult people report symptoms, which include jaw and myofacial pain, earaches, headaches or clicking. The causes of temporomandibular disfunction are abnormal occlusion, parafunctional habits (bruxism, lip biting), stress and abnormalities of the intra-articular disc. Therapies for these disorders are considered to be invasive, pharmacheutical and non pharmaceutical. Most patients refer improvement after noninvasive treatments. Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) is a kind of physical treatment which can be used for reducing the symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorders. The clinical effects of LLLT are anti-inflammatory, analgesic, bactericidal and biostimulating. These effects can be helpful in reducing pain. Nowadays, this method is used by many clinicians in the dental field. The purpose of this study is to present the effectiveness of LLLT in reducing pain in TMD and emphasise that it can be easily used by the patient.

Materials and Methods: All 8 systematically healthy patients who were selected for the study suffered from myogenic TMD-assosiated orofacial pain. Six of them were treated with real LLLT for 4 weeks and two of them with the same protocol received placebo laser devices. Each patient was instructed to express its pain level just before, 1 week , 2 weeks , 3 weeks and 1 month after the treatment.

Results: There was a significant reduction of pain in the group of patients who received real LLLT treatment from the second week of treatment. LLLT showed no improvement in the placebo group.

Conclusion: It might be concluded that LLLT is beneficial in patients with severe TMD’s. It may be a treatment method for patients who are interested in noninvasive therapies.

 Keywords: Temporomandibular Disorders; Low-Level Laser Therapy; Noninvasive Dentistry; Temporomandibular Pain; Effectiveness of Low-Level Laser Therapy

References

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Citation: Georgiana Kosmetatou., et al. “A New Approach in Managing Temporomandibular Disorders with Photo Biomodulation”. EC Dental Science 20.12 (2021): 54-59.

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