Review Article
Volume 20 Issue 11 - 2021
Advances in Hard Tissue Remineralization
Mohammad Ali Alshoraim1*, Khalid Abdulkarim Alkhamis2, Shatha Abdullah Khulaysi2, Lojain Mohammed Nayas2, Maryam Mohammed Aljadani2, Meaad Mustafa Aldairi2, Wejdan Hassan Alraddadi2, Walla Adnan Alghadeer2, Waleed Ali Alshareef3, Raghad Naif Aljohani3, Raghad Lafi Albeladi3, Abdulrahman Adnan Alqusayar3, Mlak Ali Alzahrani3, Sahab Salah Filfilan4 and Mazen Altaher Bokhari5
1East Jeddah General Hospital (EJGH) Dental Department, Saudi Arabia
2Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
3King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
4Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia
5Taibah University, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Mohammad Ali Alshoraim, Registered in Saudi Commission for Health Specialties as Consultant in Pediatric Dentistry and East Jeddah General Hospital (EJGH) Dental Department, Saudi Arabia.
Received: October 09, 2021; Published: October 27, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: More than 570 million children are affected with untreated caries lesions in deciduous teeth around the world. The prevalence of untreated dental caries was stable from 1990 to 2015 and then significantly increased in children between 1 - 4 years old, regarding such a pandemic of dental caries in various parts of the world. A better and advanced solution to the prevention of dental caries can help. One such method is “Remineralization of caries lesions,” which is the salivary ions naturally attain and external factors or elements such as fluoride can further augment it. Nanotechnology has improved dental treatment and prevention measures. The use of nanoparticles for effective caries control is a new concept and because it not only remineralizes but can also act as an antibacterial and also load drugs for delivery. Adding active ingredients such as calcium, phosphate, stannous, xylitol, and arginine can augment the effect of fluorides on treatment. Despite such advancement in new remineralization strategies, further evidence is needed to evaluate their true clinical potential.

Aim of the Study: The aim of the review is to understand various new advances materials aids in remineralization process and prevent carious lesion.

Methodology: The review is a comprehensive research of PUBMED and CROSSREF from the year 1998 to 2019.

Conclusion: The mechanism of remineralization can be better understood by having a clear knowledge of the mode of implementation and mechanism of action of these newly evolve remineralizing agents. Thus, it is important for a clinician to be aware of all possible new techniques and also to understand the fact that it takes some significant time to establish a relationship with new technology like this.

Keywords: Fluorides; Non-Fluoridated Remineralizing Agents; Nanoparticles for Remineralization

References

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Citation: Mohammad Ali Alshoraim., et al.“Advances in Hard Tissue Remineralization”. EC Dental Science 20.11 (2021): 131-139.

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