Research Article
Volume 20 Issue 11 - 2021
Quality of Life of Postgraduate Dental Students in Australia and New Zealand

Amy Vei Li Ho1, Xiangqun Ju2*, Craig Dreyer1 and Lisa Jamieson2

1Adelaide Dental School, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
2Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, Adelaide Dental School, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
*Corresponding Author: Xiangqun Ju, Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, Adelaide Dental School, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia.
Received: september 20, 2021; Published: October 28, 2021




Abstract

Objective: To assess the quality of life (QOL) of dental specialist trainees in Australia and New Zealand during their postgraduate training programs.

Methods: An online survey was sent to postgraduate dental specialist trainees enrolled in the Doctor of Clinical Dentistry program across universities in Australia and New Zealand. The survey questionnaire included 26 questions from the World Health Organisation Quality of Life- BREF questionnaire with 3 additional university work-related questions. Data was categorized by sample demographic variables. The questionnaire included questions related to QOL and general health in 4 domains: Physical, Psychosocial, Social and Environmental. The mean and standard deviation (SD) of the four domains was estimated with nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test for intergroup comparisons. Chi-squared tests were used to determine statistically significant differences between categorial variables.

Results: There was a total of 97 participants. The overall QOL of trainees was poor, with only one-third (32.3%) rating having positive quality of life. More trainees in their second and third year of specialty training indicated poor general health (52.0% and 55.6% respectively) compared to their first-year counterparts. Participants aged 40 years and above indicated poorer physical health (mean score 45.5 years) compared to participants aged 25 - 39-years (mean score 65.7). Most trainees (98.0%) studied in weekends.

Conclusion: Most dental specialist trainees have a poor-average QOL with significant work/life imbalance. The well-being and work/life balance of postgraduate dental students needs to be a priority in dental education.

Keywords: World Health Organisation Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF); Physical Health; Psychosocial Health; Social; Environment

References

  1. Divaris K., et al. “Stress and burnout in postgraduate dental education”. European Journal of Dental Education1 (2012): 35-42.
  2. Martínez AA., et al. “The burnout syndrome and associated personality disturbances. The study in three graduate programs in Dentistry at the University of Barcelona”. Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugia Bucal7 (2008): 444-450.
  3. Elani HW., et al. “A systematic review of stress in dental students”. European Journal of Dental Education2 (2014): 226-242.
  4. Dyrbye LN., et al. “Burnout among US medical students, residents, and early career physicians relative to the general US population”. Academic Medicine3 (2014): 443-451.
  5. Schmitter M., et al. “Chronic stress in medical and dental education”. Medical Teacher1 (2008): 97-99.
  6. West CP., et al. “Association of resident fatigue and distress with perceived medical errors”. British Medical Journal12 (2009): 1294-1300.
  7. Fahrenkopf AM., et al. “Rates of medication errors among depressed and burnt out residents: prospective cohort study”. British Medical Journal7642 (2008): 488-491.
  8. Shanafelt TD., et al. “Burnout and self-reported patient care in an internal medicine residency program”. Annals of Internal Medicine15 (2002): 358-367.
  9. Haoka T., et al. “The effect of stress‐related factors on mental health status among resident doctors in Japan”. Medical Education8 (2010): 826-834.
  10. Thomas NK. “Resident burnout”. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association23 (2004): 2880-2889.
  11. Gorter RC., et al. “Outcome of career expectancies and early professional burnout among newly qualified dentists”. International Dental Journal 5794 (2007): 279-285.
  12. WHOQOL Group. Development of the World Health Organization WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment. The WHOQOL Group”. Psychological Medicine3 (1998): 551-558.
  13. Henning MA., et al. “The quality of life of medical students studying in New Zealand: a comparison with nonmedical students and a general population reference group”. Teaching and Learning in Medicine4 (2012): 334-340.
  14. Humphris G., et al. “Burnout and stress-related factors among junior staff of three dental hospital specialties”. British Dental Journal1 (1997): 15-21.
  15. Henning MA., et al. “The quality of life of New Zealand doctors and medical students: what can be done to avoid burnout?” The New Zealand Medical Journal1307 (2009): 102-110.
  16. Madhan B., et al. “Mental health of postgraduate orthodontic students in India: a multi-institution survey”. European Journal of Dental Education2 (2012): 200-209.
  17. American Dental Association (ADA). Dental School Admissions-Prerequisites (2020).
  18. The Canadian Higher Education Database. Going to Dentistry: Dentistry Degrees in Canada-Requirements (2020).
  19. Singh P., et al. “Systematic review: factors contributing to burnout in dentistry”. Occupational Medicine1 (2015): 27-31.
  20. Saleh KJ., et al. “The prevalence and severity of burnout among academic orthopaedic departmental leaders”. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery American4 (2007): 896-903.
  21. Krasner MS., et al. “Association of an educational program in mindful communication with burnout, empathy, and attitudes among primary care physicians”. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association12 (2009): 1284-1293.
  22. Bruce SM., et al. “Burnout in physicians: a case for peer‐support”. Journal of Internal Medicine5 (2005): 272-278.
  23. Clark Jr GH and Vaccaro JV. “Burnout among CMHC psychiatrists and the struggle to survive”. Psychiatric Services8 (1987): 843-847.
Citation: Xiangqun Ju., et al. “Quality of Life of Postgraduate Dental Students in Australia and New Zealand”. EC Dental Science 20.11 (2021): 85-94.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


August Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the August issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before August 18, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.