Review Article
Volume 20 Issue 11 - 2021
Abutment Selection in Fixed Partial Dentures
Mohamed Hany Ahmad Fouad1, Ibrahim Mohammed H Al Yami2, Rakan Mohammed Alharbi2, Omar Mohammad Dad2, Fatimah Khaled Alshnqity2, Mohammed Khalif Aldhafeeri2, Nawaf Abdulaziz Alsowaiegh2, Talal Abdulaziz Almohana3, Khalid Fahad Alsarrani3, Fesal Suleman Alsalem4, Saleh Abdulmohsen Alfaleh4, ‏Reem Atean Alsafari5, Salsabil Mohammed Alkhalifah6, Yasmin Ahmad Alsubhi7 and Rakan Siraj Alsulaimani8
1Cairo University, Egypt
2Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
3Taibah University Dental College, Saudi Arabia
4Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Saudi Arabia
5Batterjee Medical College, Saudi Arabia
6Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
7Vision College, Saudi Arabia
8King Abdulaziz Medical City, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Mohammed Hany Ahmad Fouad, Professor of Restorative Dentistry, Registered in Saudi Commission for Health Specialties as Consultant and Cairo University, Egypt.
Received: October 09, 2021; Published: October 25, 2021


Introduction: The most common treatment option for the replacement of a single missing tooth is a Fixed Partial Denture (FPD), where support is taken from the two adjacent teeth, and the missing tooth is replaced. Abutment teeth are exposed to forces applied on the missing tooth as well as those applied on the various parts of the prostheses and the abutment teeth themselves, and therefore prior examination of the abutment teeth is of utmost importance.

Aim of Work: This review aims at highlighting an overview of the selection of Abutment teeth for Fixed Partial Dentures.

Methodology: This review is comprehensive research of PUBMED and Google Scholar from the years 1990 to 2021.

Conclusion: Planning of a Fixed Partial Denture should always be executed as a multidisciplinary approach keeping the abutment teeth’ pulpal and periodontal health in mind. The diagnosis of the case and thorough study of the diagnostic cats and radiographs is the primary step that helps decide the feasibility of the treatment option. Once the case has been taken up for a fixed prosthesis, the abutment teeth should be examined in detail regarding their crown height, crown root ratio, root configuration, mobility, etc. For a good prognosis, patients’ compliance is of utmost importance, and hence patient education regarding good oral hygiene and maintenance of the prosthesis should also be given equal importance.

Keywords: Abutment; Crown Root Ratio; Clinical Crown; Biological Width; Telescopic Crown


  1. Talabani R M. “Influence of abutment evaluation on designing of fixed partial denture: A clinical study”. International Journal of Oral Health and Medical Research 3 (2016): 2395-7387.
  2. Shillingburg H T., et al. “Fundamentals of fixed prosthodontics Quintessence Publishing Company 194 (1997).
  3. Akulwar R S and Kodgi A. “Non-rigid connector for managing pier abutment in FPD: A case report”. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR7 (2014): ZD12.
  4. Singh S and Singh N. “Treatment planning for fixed partial dentures”. International Journal of Oral Health and Medical Research2 (2015): 99-101.
  5. Sarment DP and Misch CE. “Diagnostic casts and surgical templates. Contemporary Implant Dentistry”. 3rd St Louis, Mo: Mosby Elsevier (2008): 280.
  6. Goga R and Purton DG. “The use of endodontically treated teeth as abutments for crowns, fixed partial dentures, or removable partial dentures: a literature review”. Quintessence International2 (2007).
  7. Ante I H. “Abutments”. Journal of the Canadian Dental Association249 (1936): 2.
  8. Al-Quran F A., et al. “Single-tooth replacement: factors affecting different prosthetic treatment modalities”. BMC Oral Health1 (2011): 1-7.
  9. University of California, San Francisco. School of Dentistry. Postgraduate Education, Stallard H, and McCollum B B. A Syllabus on Oral Rehabilitation and Occlusion. University of California, School of Dentistry (1959).
  10. Lauret J F and Le Gall M G. “The function of mastication: a key determinant of dental occlusion”. Practical Periodontics and Aesthetic Dentistry: PPAD8 (1996): 807-817.
  11. Sumeet S., et al. “Abutment evaluation--A boon to success of fixed partial denture”. Journal of Dental Herald2 (2014): 38-42.
  12. Academy of Prosthodontics. The glossary of prosthodontic terms. Mosby (1999).
  13. Grossmann Y and Sadan A. “The prosthodontic concept of crown-to-root ratio: a review of the literature”. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry6 (2005): 559-562.
  14. Dykema RW., et al. “Johnston’s modern practice in fixed prosthodontics”. 4th Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders (1986): 8-21.
  15. Shillingburg H T., et al. “Fundamentals of fixed prosthodontics”. Quintessence Publishing Company 194 (1997).
  16. Kalra D., et al. “Anthrometric measurements of external ear: An in vivo study”. International Journal of Enhanced Research in Medicines and Dental Care3 (2015): 10-16.
  17. Subhashini M R., et al. “Abutment selection in fixed partial denture-A review”. Drug Invention Today1 (2018).
  18. Hemmings K and Harrington Z. “Replacement of missing teeth with fixed prostheses”. Dental Update3 (2004): 137-141.
  19. Revah A., et al. “The tilted posterior tooth. Part III: Abutment for a fixed partial denture”. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry3 (1985): 325-330.
  20. Bayer S., et al. “Retention force measurement of telescopic crowns”. Clinical Oral Investigations5 (2010): 607-611.
  21. Son K and Lee KB. “Effect of finish line locations of tooth preparation on the accuracy of intraoral scanners”. International Journal of Computerized Dentistry1 (2021): 29-40.
  22. Miller LL. “Tooth preparation and the design of metal substructures”. In Dental ceramics: proceedings of the first International Symposium on Ceramics. Chicago: Quintessence Publishing Co Inc (1983): 196-204.
Citation: Mohammed Hany Ahmad Fouad., et al. “Abutment Selection in Fixed Partial Dentures”. EC Dental Science 20.11 (2021): 75-82.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

January Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the November issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before February 14, 2023.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.