Research Article
Volume 20 Issue 11 - 2021
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Measurement and Analysis of Upper Airway in Adult Patients of Han and Uygur Nationalities in Xinjiang
Jierui Wang and Congbo Mi*
Department of Orthodontics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, China
*Corresponding Author: Congbo Mi, Department of Orthodontics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, China.
Received: September 17, 2021; Published: October 25, 2021




Abstract

To study the differences in the upper airway of adults in Xinjiang between Han and Uygur nationalities in terms of different sagittal skeletal types. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of 228 adults with different sagittal skeletal types were investigated by SPSS 22.0. The sagittal depth of the upper airway and sagittal-sectional areas were compared among different skeletal types in patients of Han and Uygur nationalities. The anatomic characteristics of the upper airway, including volume, area, transverse, and sagittal diameter, were measured. Results showed the upper airway in males was larger than that in females, but there was no significant difference in gender. The upper airway lengths, sagittal-sectional areas, and volume increased from class II, class I, to class III group. There was a statistical difference in the Han and Uygur nationalities in terms of different sagittal skeletal types. There are statistical differences in the upper airway of adults of Han and Uygur nationalities. Hence, we should attach importance to these factors during clinical diagnosis and make appropriate individualized treatment plans. Furthermore, we can improve upper airway ventilation, minimize adverse factors affecting patient health, and reduce OSAHS especially in class II and III malocclusions.

Keywords: Cone-Beam Computed Tomography; Uygur Nationality; Upper Airway; Sagittal Skeletal Type; Obstructive Sleep Apnea

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Citation: Jierui Wang and Congbo Mi. “Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Measurement and Analysis of Upper Airway in Adult Patients of Han and Uygur Nationalities in Xinjiang”. EC Dental Science 20.11 (2021): 16-27.

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