Research Article
Volume 20 Issue 2 - 2021
Salivary Calcium and Magnesium Levels in Periodontitis Patients with Gingival Recession Affected with Diabetes and Hypertension
Mohammed MA Abdullah Al-Abdaly1*, Ahmad Hassan Alshehri2, Ali Saleh Alghamdi3 and Faris Ahmed Abdullah AlNasser4
1Periodontics and Community Dental Sciences Department, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia
2Ministry of Health, ALQahmah Hospital, Asir, Saudi Arabia
3Ministry of Health, King Khalid Hospital, Alkhaldiyah Primary Health Care Center, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
4Ministry of Health, Mnshabah Primary Health Care Center, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Mohammed MA Abdullah Al-Abdaly, A. Professor of Periodontics, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.
Received: December 17, 2020; Published: January 30, 2021




Abstract

Background: Saliva content is essential in the evaluation of the oral condition. Moreover, it is a simple diagnostic method for monitoring of periodontal diseases. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate salivary calcium and magnesium levels in periodontitis patients with gingival recession affected with diabetes and hypertension.

Materials and Methodology: The cross sectional analytical study was conducted on 150 Saudi patients aged between 25 - 50 years old (85 males and 65 females). They divided into three equal groups: control group (I), diabetic patients group (II), and hypertensive patients group (III). Plaque index (PLI), Gingival index (GI), clinical attachment loss with gingival recession (CAL) were recorded. Salivary samples were collected to evaluate the salivary calcium and magnesium levels. Statistical analysis by ANOVA test and student t-test were used for clarifying the correlation between the levels of calcium and magnesium in saliva with the values of clinical periodontal parameters of the study groups.

Results: The results of the current study show that the mean age in group III was more than the mean of age in group I and group II and, the mean of age in group II was more than group I. There were significant differences in clinical parameters were found in the comparison between group III and group II to control group (p < 0.05). There were significant differences in salivary calcium and magnesium level in the comparison of the study groups (p < 0.005). Salivary calcium and magnesium levels in group II and group III were lower than group I. There were high statistical significance differences in GI and CAL with a decrease in salivary magnesium level in group III compared to group I and II.

Conclusion: According to this study, we concluded that the salivary calcium and magnesium levels were decreased in hypertensive and diabetic patients. Moreover, we found that there was a decreased salivary magnesium level with increased severity of periodontal diseases, whereas vice versa in the comparison between the salivary calcium level and severity of periodontal diseases.

Keywords: Diabetes and Hypertension; Salivary Calcium; Salivary Magnesium

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Citation: Mohammed MA Abdullah Al-Abdaly., et al. “Salivary Calcium and Magnesium Levels in Periodontitis Patients with Gingival Recession Affected with Diabetes and Hypertension”. EC Dental Science 20.2 (2021): 57-66.

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