Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 11 - 2020
Diabetes Mellitus and Removable Dental Prosthesis: An Updated Systematic Review
Waleed Abdulrahim Aljehani1*, Naif Mayouf Alrasheedi2, Salihah Ibrahim Alayyafi3, Ibrahim Abdulaziz Alsaleh4, Hadeel Abdulaziz Alyousef5, Amerah Farhan Alshammari6, Lama Ayedh Alkahtani7, Fayez Nofal Elbatrikhe8, Sana Ghazai Alharthi3, Ahmad Saeed Alghamdi3, Asim Adnan Sulimani9 and Noor Khalid Mohammed Khalid10
1Department of Restorative Dentistry, Khulais General Hospital, Khulais, Saudi Arabia
2Oyoon Aljaw Primary Health Care, Ministry of Health, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia
3College of Dentistry, Alfarabi Colleges, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4General Dentist, Almeswak Dental Clinic, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5Department of Prosthodontics, Suliman Alhabib Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
6General Dentist, Al Mouwasat hospital, Jubail, Saudi Arabia
7College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
8Specialist Dentist ,Dr. Zayed Dental Clinic, Khamis Mushait, Saudi Arabia
9General Dentist, King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
10General Dentist, Ram Dental clinic, Jeddah, Saudi arabia
*Corresponding Author: Waleed Abdulrahim Aljehani, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Khulais General Hospital, Khulais, Saudi Arabia.
Received: October 12, 2020; Published: October 31, 2020




Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is reported to be associated with dental problems, such as periodontitis and dental caries, that may require using a removable dental prosthesis. The aim of the current study is to provide an updated overview of removable dental prosthesis usage in patients with DM. For that, a systematic electronic database search was conducted for relevant studies published from 2010 and till 10th June 2020 in seven databases. Finally, we included 6 studies in this systematic review. an increased risk of diabetes among men using removable dental prostheses compared to those who are not; whether using removable partial or removable complete dentures. The same association was also found between glycemic control and men using partial and complete removable dentures. Moreover, socket opening diameter, chewing ability, blood glucose fluctuations, and the ability of food intake; were all better in patients with removable dentures, compared to patients who did not use it. In terms of satisfaction, the major complaints in patients with removable dentures included xerostomia, poor mastication/pain, Gag reflex, and poor esthetics. In conclusion, the removable dental prosthesis may not be the best option for diabetic patients. Whenever indicated, removable partial dentures are more satisfactory than complete ones. More robust studies of prospective nature, larger sample sizes and a clear treatment protocol are still warranted.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus; Removable Prosthesis Dentures

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Citation: Waleed Abdulrahim Aljehani., et al. “Diabetes Mellitus and Removable Dental Prosthesis: An Updated Systematic Review”.EC Dental Science 19.11 (2020): 159-168.

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