Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 11 - 2020
Patterns, Position and Factors Associated with Maxillary Canine Impactions: A Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) based Study
Erum Amin1, Amna Farrukh2, Samra Bokhari3, Abdur Rehman4*, Taimur Khan5, Ayesha Basit6, Danish Muzaffar7 and Rafey Ahmed Jameel8
1Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, National University of Medical Sciences, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
2Registrar, Department of Orthodontics, Hamdard University Dental Hospital, Hamdard University Karachi, Pakistan
3Orthodontist, National Institute of Child Health Karachi, Pakistan
4Associate Professor, Science of Dental Material Department, Hamdard University Dental Hospital, Hamdard University, Karachi, Pakistan
5Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Frontier Medical and Dental College, Abbottabad, Pakistan
6Associate Professor, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Hamdard University Dental Hospital, Hamdard University, Karachi, Pakistan
7Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Segi University, Kota Damansara Selangor, Malaysia
8Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Biology and Tooth Morphology, Foundation University College of Dentistry and Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Abdur Rehman, Associate Professor, Science of Dental Material Department, Hamdard University Dental Hospital, Hamdard University, Karachi, Pakistan.
Received: October 05, 2020; Published: October 31, 2020




Abstract

Canines are most important teeth in dental arches, resolution of canine’s impactions has been one of the toughest challenges posed to orthodontists. Objective of this study was to assess the patterns of maxillary canine impactions, to assess any association between studied variable and factors associated with severe lateral incisor root resorption (SIRR), using CBCT as imaging modality. A total of 102 CBCT scans were performed during study period and included in study. For analysis, the images were saved as digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) software files. The statistical analysis was carried out by using statistical software SPSS (version 25). Descriptive analysis was done on the data. Frequencies and percentages were calculated for age, gender and qualitative variables including buccopalatal position and mesiodistal location of impacted canine, overlap of adjacent incisor by impacted canine. Within the limitation of the study we conclude that females are more prone to canine impaction with a female to male ratio of 2.3:1, Age does not have statistically significant correlation and 9.8% impacted teeth cause root resorption of lateral incisor.

Keywords: Impacted Canines; Cone Beam Computed Tomography; Root Resorption

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Citation: Abdur Rehman., et al. “Patterns, Position and Factors Associated with Maxillary Canine Impactions: A Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) based Study”.EC Dental Science 19.11 (2020): 150-158.

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