Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 11 - 2020
Effect of Wear Behaviour of a Polymer-Infiltrated Ceramic Network Material and Lithium Disilicate in Micro-Hardness
Shaima B Ghazalh1*, Abrar A Abdrabuh1, Rima H Alawami1, Ameena T Banjar1, Dareen A Tumbukani1, Amal A Mohammed1, Kawthar A AlShaikh2 and Hanan M Alqatari3
1Faculty of Dentistry, Alfarabi Private College for Dentistry and Nursing, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Faculty of Dentistry, Alfarabi Private College for Dentistry and Nursing, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3Faculty of Dentistry, University College Corck, Corck, Ireland
*Corresponding Author: Shaima B Ghazalh, Faculty of Dentistry, Alfarabi Private College for Dentistry and Nursing, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: September 21, 2020; Published: September 12, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: Ceramic materials exhibiting desirable mechanical and chemical properties are widely utilized in permanent dental restorations. Multiple considerations in selecting these materials are being made, such as wear behaviour and micro-hardness. The aim of this study was to examine the two-body wear behaviour and micro-hardness of two different ceramics, a polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) material and Lithium disilicate.

Methods: The two-body wear behaviour was probed in a chewing simulator (75000 cycles, 49 N and 60 cycle/min.). The samples were segregated into two groups based on the kind of material: every group consisting of 14 ceramic discs. Vicker hardness test was conducted to assess micro-hardness of the material prior and after the wear test. Results were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and then verified by unpaired t-test.

Results: Lithium disilicate had a higher mean of micro-hardness values than PICN after chewing simulation.

Conclusion: Micro-hardness changes in Lithium disilicate were found to have higher values than PICN.

Keywords: Chewing Simulator; Lithium Disilicate; Microhardness; Monolithic Ceramic; PICN; Two-Body Wear

References

  1. Ashtiani AH., et al. "Comparison the degree of enamel wear behavior opposed to Polymer-infiltrated ceramic and feldspathic porcelain”. Dental Research Journal2 (2019): 71-75.
  2. Cattell MJ., et al. "The biaxial flexural strength of two pressable ceramic systems”. Journal of Dentistry3 (1999): 183-196.
  3. Conrad HJ., et al. "Current ceramic materials and systems with clinical recommendations: a systematic review”. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry5 (2007): 389-404.
  4. Helvey Gregg. "Monolithic Versus Bilayered Restorations: A Closer Look. Chairside Magazine”. Chairside Magazine (2011): 16-23.
  5. Özarslan MM., et al. "Effects of different surface finishing procedures on the change in surface roughness and color of a polymer infiltrated ceramic network material”. The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics 1 (2016): 16-20.
  6. Alhenaki Aasem Mutlaq. "Comparison of mechanical and optical properties between three different CAD/CAM materials”. Nova Southeastern University, Florida (2015).
  7. Albakry M., et al. "Fracture toughness and hardness evaluation of three pressable all-ceramic dental materials”. Journal of Dentistry3 (2003): 181-188.
  8. Stenhagen I and Mulic A. "Hardness testing of dental materials and tooth substance”. Nordic Institute for Dental Materials (2017).
  9. Pestana Passos S., et al. "Enamel wear opposing different surface conditions of different CAD/CAM ceramics”. Quintessence International 10 (2013): 743-751.
  10. Elhomiamy E., et al. "Wear behaviour and surface roughness of polymer infiltrated ceramic material compared to pressable glass ceramic”. Alexandria Dental Journal1 (2015): 65-70.
  11. Miyazaki T., et al. "Current status of zirconia restoration”. Journal of Prosthodontic Research4 (2013): 236-261.
  12. Kang SH., et al. "Physical/mechanical properties and microstructure of dental lithium disilicate ceramics for chairside CAD/CAM restoration”. Korean Journal of Dental Materials1 (2014): 19-28.
  13. Hassan S and Nevin G. "Two-body wear and surface roughness of three different ceramic systems and their enamel antagonist: an In vitro study”. Al-Azhar Dental Journal for Girls4 (2017): 347-357.
  14. Vita Homepage (2020).
  15. Heintze SD., et al. "Wear of ceramic and antagonist-A systematic evaluation of influencing factors In vitro”. Dental Materials4 (2008): 433-449.
  16. Jung Yu-Seok., et al. "A study on the in-vitro wear of the natural tooth structure by opposing zirconia or dental porcelain”. The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics3 (2010): 111-115.
  17. Anusavice Kenneth J., et al. “Phillips' science of dental materials”. Elsevier Health Sciences (2012).
  18. Xu Zhou., et al. "A comparative study on the wear behavior of a polymer infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) material and tooth enamel”. Dental Materials12 (2017): 1351-1361.
  19. Silva Nelson RFA., et al. "Comparative reliability analyses of zirconium oxide and lithium disilicate restorations In vitro and In vivo”. The Journal of the American Dental Association 142 (2011): 4S-9S.
  20. Zafar MS and Ahmed N. "Effects of wear on hardness and stiffness of restorative dental materials”. Life Science Journal 11 (2014): 11-18.
  21. Hickel R., et al. "Recommendations for conducting controlled clinical studies of dental restorative materials”. Clinical Oral Investigations 1 (2007): 5-33.
  22. Rosentritt M., et al. "Two-body wear of dental porcelain and substructure oxide ceramics”. Clinical oral investigations 3 (2012): 935-943.
  23. Mörmann Werner H., et al. "Wear characteristics of current aesthetic dental restorative CAD/CAM materials: two-body wear, gloss retention, roughness and Martens hardness”. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 20 (2013): 113-125.
Citation: Shaima B Ghazalh., et al. “Effect of Wear Behaviour of a Polymer-Infiltrated Ceramic Network Material and Lithium Disilicate in Micro-Hardness”. EC Dental Science 19.11 (2020): 68-76.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


July Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the July issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before August 09, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk