Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 10 - 2020
Impact of Periodontal Health Status as Assessed by Modified Community Periodontal Index on Oral Health Related Quality of Life - A Hospital Based Cross Sectional Study
Tom Peter Thermadam1, Harikumar Kanakkath2, Rosamma Joseph Vadakkekuttical3*, Sangeetha K S4, Sakeer Hussain Arimbra5 and Merrin Jose6
1Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Government Dental College, Affiliated to Kerala University of Health Sciences, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
2Additional Professor, Department of Periodontics, Government Dental College, Affiliated to Kerala University of Health Sciences, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
3Professor and Head, Department of Periodontics, Government Dental College, Affiliated to Kerala University of Health Sciences, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
4Senior Resident, Department of Periodontics, Government Dental College, Affiliated to Kerala University of Health Sciences, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
5Junior Resident, Department of Periodontics, Government Dental College, Affiliated to Kerala University of Health Sciences, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
6Lecturer, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Government Dental College, Affiliated to Kerala University of Health Sciences, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
*Corresponding Author: Rosamma Joseph Vadakkekuttical, Professor and Head, Department of Periodontics, Government Dental College, Affiliated to Kerala University of Health Sciences, Kozhikode, Kerala, India.
Received: March 18, 2020; Published: September 30, 2020




Abstract

Background: Health care delivery systems across the world consider health as a state of complete physical, social and mental wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health related quality of life (HRQoL) is conceived as a human notion that is a reflection of the degree of satisfaction found in one’s family and social life. Periodontal diseases, second most prevalent of all oral diseases, cause a wide range of clinical signs and symptoms, some of which can have a considerable impact on oral health related quality of life (QoL).

Method: This hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted in 324 subjects with periodontal diseases to assess the influence of periodontal status and the impact of severity of periodontitis on OHRQoL. Impact of periodontal disease on quality of life was assessed using the Oral Health Impact Profile Questionnaire 14(OHIP-14). Periodontal health status was assessed using modified Community Periodontal Index. In order to assess the impact of severity of periodontal disease on OHRQoL, the study subjects were categorized into two groups (No/Mild periodontitis group and Moderate/Severe periodontitis group).

Results: Subjects with moderate/severe periodontitis had a negative influence on their OHRQoL when compared with no/mild periodontitis group. Subjects with moderate/severe periodontitis had significant difficulty in pronouncing words, poor taste sensation, become self-conscious, felt tensed, diet became unsatisfactory, felt difficult to relax, embarrassed, irritable, felt life less satisfying and unable to function (Questions a, b, e, f, g, i, j, k, l, m and n). These results, being a patient related outcome measure, clearly denote the response of the subjects with the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease to their OHRQoL.

Conclusion: Presence of moderate and severe periodontitis, had a significant impact on the quality of life.

Keywords: Quality of Life; Periodontitis; Modified Community Periodontal Index; Oral Health Impact Profile

References

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Citation: Rosamma Joseph Vadakkekuttical., et al. “Impact of Periodontal Health Status as Assessed by Modified Community Periodontal Index on Oral Health Related Quality of Life - A Hospital Based Cross Sectional Study”. EC Dental Science 19.10 (2020): 250-258.

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