Literature Review
Volume 19 Issue 10 - 2020
Neuro-Orthodontics-A Sub-Specialty in Orthodontics, Important for Diagnostics and Treatment Planning
Inger Kjær*
Professor Emeritus, Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
*Corresponding Author: Inger Kjær, Professor Emeritus, Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Received: September 10, 2020; Published: September 30, 2020




Abstract

The text in this review is divided in three sections, each with results from four decades of research at the borderlines between orthodontics and the medical disciplines: embryology, fetal pathology, endochrinology, neurology, neuro-anatomy, neuro-psychiatry, neuro-radiology, and neuro-anthropology. The focus in this inter-disciplinary collaboration has been on the central nervous system, CNS and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The three sections are:

  1. Section 1: The theoretical background for understanding the normal close interrelationship between CNS/PNS and the hard tissues, based on human fetal studies and human post-natal studies.
  2. Section 2: CNS. Clinical examples demonstrating the pathological interrelationships between the brain and the cranial base.
  3. Section 3: PNS. Clinical examples demonstrating the pathological interrelationships between the peripheral nerve branches and the jaws, alveolar processes, and teeth.

As the CNS and PNS systems are highly important for orthodontic diagnostics and accordingly for treatment planning in orthodontics, the term neuro-orthodontics is hereby introduced as a subspecialty in orthodontics.

Keywords: Profile Radiograph; Orthopantomogram; Brain; Peripheral Nervous System; Orthodontics

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Citation: Inger Kjær. “Neuro-Orthodontics-A Sub-Specialty in Orthodontics, Important for Diagnostics and Treatment Planning”. EC Dental Science 19.10 (2020): 233-249.

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