Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 10 - 2020
Smartphone Applications in Dentistry: A Database and Characterization of Apps
Julie M Coe1*, Carol Farn2 and Caroline Carrico3
1Assistant Professor, Department of General Practice, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU SoD), Richmond, Virginia, USA
2Private Practice, Austin, Texas, USA
3Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Health Promotion and Community Outreach, Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU SoD), Richmond, Virginia, USA
*Corresponding Author: Julie M Coe, Assistant Professor, Department of General Practice, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU SoD), Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Received: September 04, 2020; Published: September 30, 2020


Background: Smartphone applications (apps) in oral healthcare have become very common but little is known. The purpose of this study was to characterize the features of oral healthcare related smartphone apps.

Methods: The term "dental" was searched in the Apple App Store and Android Google Play Store between March 1 and May 1, 2018. Data elements such as the app's name, developer, cost, year released, app store category, target user, and purpose were recorded to an Excel database. Statistical analysis was carried out with descriptive statistics and linear regression.

Results: A total of 250 apps met inclusion criteria with significantly more Apple apps (n = 159, 64%) than Android apps (n = 91, 36%). More Android apps (40%) were for doctors’ clinical use than Apple apps (17%). More Apple apps (28%) were for the general public than Android apps (19%). A significant upward linear trend was found between launch year and the number of new apps.

Conclusion: Apps for the general public provide oral health information about common conditions and procedures and supplement direct dental care. Apps for clinicians provide clinical and management tools such as chairside clinical information, scientific references, office management, communication with patients and communication with other dentists.

Practical Implication: Dentists need to understand smartphone apps potentially influence our patients, the general public, and dentists. It is imperative that they provide a leadership role in standardizing the apps, validating contents, and ensuring safe use.

Keywords: App; Application; Smartphone; Mobile App; Dental Apps; Phone Apps


  1. No Title. Mobile Fact Sheet (2019).
  2. Holst A. Number of smartphone users in the U.S. Statista (2019).
  3. Arne Holst. No Title. U.S. smarphone subscriber share by operating platform (2019).
  4. Holst A. Android: global smartphone OS market share 2011-2018. Statista (2019).
  5. Clement J. Number of apps available in leading app store Statista (2019).
  6. Abroms LC., et al. “iPhone apps for smoking cessation: A content analysis”. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 3 (2011): 279-285.
  7. Rosser BA and Eccleston C. “Smartphone applications for pain management”. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare 6 (2011): 308-312.
  8. Kassianos AP., et al. “Smartphone applications for melanoma detection by community, patient and generalist clinician users: A review”. British Journal of Dermatology 6 (2015): 1507-1518.
  9. Djemal S and Singh P. “Smartphones and dental trauma: The current availability of apps for managing traumatic dental injuries”. Dental Traumatology 1 (2016): 52-57.
  10. Chomutare T., et al. “Features of mobile diabetes applications: Review of the literature and analysis of current applications compared against evidence-based guidelines”. Journal of Medical Internet Research 3 (2011): e65.
  11. Lorene Bender J., et al. “A Lot of Action, But Not in the Right Direction: Systematic Review and Content Analysis of Smartphone Applications for the Prevention, Detection, and Management of Cancer”. Journal of Medical Internet Research 12 (2013): e287.
  12. Underwood B., et al. “The use of a mobile app to motivate evidence-based oral hygiene behaviour”. British Dental Journal 4 (2015): 166-167.
  13. Petruzzi M and De Benedittis M. “WhatsApp: A telemedicine platform for facilitating remote oral medicine consultation and improving clinical examinations”. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology 3 (2016): 248-254.
  14. Seabrook HJ., et al. “Medical applications: A database and characterization of apps in Apple iOS and Android platforms”. BMC Research Notes 1 (2014).
Citation: Julie M Coe., et al. “Smartphone Applications in Dentistry: A Database and Characterization of Apps”. EC Dental Science 19.10 (2020): 218-225.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

April Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the April issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before May 04, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to