Review Article
Volume 19 Issue 10 - 2020
Understanding of Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (2019-nCoV): Newest and Biggest Emerging Threat in the Dental Practice
Neelam Das*
Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Rama Dental College Hospital and Research Centre A-1/8, Lakhanpur, Kanpur, UP, India
*Corresponding Author: Neelam Das, Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Rama Dental College Hospital and Research Centre A-1/8, Lakhanpur, Kanpur, UP, India.
Received: April 16, 2020; Published: September 15, 2020




Abstract

A novel β-coronavirus (2019-nCoV) caused severe and even fetal respiratory disorder explored in a seafood market of Wuhan town, Hubei province, and apace unfold to different provinces of China and different countries. The World Health Organization declared that the outbreaks of the novel coronavirus have deep seated a public health emergency of international concern. The 2019- nCoV was completely different from SARS-CoV, however, shared constant host receptor the human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). The natural host of 2019-nCoV could also be the bat Rhinolophus affinis as 2019-nCoV showed 96.2% of whole-genome identity to BatCoV RaTG13. 2019-nCoV has been recognized in 34 countries, with a complete of 80,239 laboratory-confirmed cases and 2,700 deaths. The dental practitioners expose to tremendous risk of 2019-nCoV infection because of the face-to-face communication and also the exposure to saliva, blood, and different body fluids, and also the handling of sharp instruments. Because of the characteristics of dental settings, the chance of cross infection are often high. Dental professionals play great roles in preventing the transmission of 2019-nCoV. This clinical review, supported the expertise, relevant guidelines and analysis, introduces essential data concerning 2019-nCoV and nosocomial infection in dental settings and provides counselled management protocols for dental practitioners.

Keywords: Nosocomial Infection; Transmission; Dental Public Health; Practice Management

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Citation: Neelam Das. “Understanding of Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (2019-nCoV): Newest and Biggest Emerging Threat in the Dental Practice”. EC Dental Science 19.10 (2020): 20-40.

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