Review Article
Volume 19 Issue 8 - 2020
An Introduction to the Use of Biomarkers and Sub-Gingival Temperature in the Assessment of Periodontists and Peri-Implantitis
Mohamad Hani Nouri Dalati1* and Mazen Tamimi2
1Consultant Orthodontist and Medical Director at Tajmeel Specialized Medical Center, Abu Dhabi, UAE
2Consultant OMFS, President of the IBOI and Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of IMC, Duisburg, Essen University, Germany
*Corresponding Author: Mohamad Hani Nouri Dalati, Consultant Orthodontist and Medical Director at Tajmeel Specialized Medical Center, Abu Dhabi, UAE.
Received: July 01, 2020; Published: July 15, 2020


The conventional methods of assessing the level of periodontal or peri-implant destruction at individual sites (such as bleeding on probing, attachment loss, inflammation signs etc.) have been heavily criticized over the years for not being accurate, quantitative, objective and not being able to predict the progress of the disease accurately. These traditional methods were mainly classified as being subjective and retrospective in nature and that was simply due to their well-known limitations.

There has been, therefore, a steady growing trend during the last two decades to develop tools to try to predict, detect, measure and monitor both the progress and the response to treatment of oral diseases such as periodontitis and peri-implantitis. These developments covered a wide spectrum of tools such as sub-gingival temperature, various Biomarkers such as pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory Cytokines, bone loss markers, enzymes, genetic analysis and molecular Assays.

More development and well-designed longitudinal studies are, however, still needed in order to help us in understanding the various mediators implicated on the initiation and progression of periodontitis and peri-implantitis.

Keywords: Biomarkers; Sub-Gingival Temperature; Periodontists; Peri-Implantitis


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Citation: Mohamad Hani Nouri Dalati and Mazen Tamimi. “An Introduction to the Use of Biomarkers and Sub-Gingival Temperature in the Assessment of Periodontists and Peri-Implantitis”. EC Dental Science 19.8 (2020): 53-61.

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