Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 7 - 2020
Oral Cancer Awareness among Smokeless Tobacco (Toombak) Dippers
Amel Eltayeb1* and B Elhussein2
1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Nile University, Khartoum, Sudan
2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Nile University, Khartoum, Sudan
*Corresponding Author: Amel Eltayeb, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Nile University, Khartoum, Sudan.
Received: May 28, 2020; Published: June 17, 2020




Abstract

Objective: Toombak is a form of smokeless tobacco, which is widely used in Sudan. Toombak is playing a significant role in oral cancer and it consider a major risk factor for squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the oral cancer awareness among Toombak dippers in Sudan.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study questionnaire- based survey was performed on the general population in different geographic areas of Sudan. A total of 338 Participants were included in this study from January 2015 and January 2016.

Result: Three hundred thirty-eight participants were included in this study, 299 (88.5%) were male and 39 (11.5%) were female. Toombak dipping is most common in individual with age (45 - 54 years) and more than 65 years old. A statistically significant correlation was reported between age and Toombak dipping (r = 0.342 and p ≤ 0.00). Results revealed that most of the Toombak dippers were male. Of all participants, 82% heard about oral cancer but the general knowledge was low since 86.4% of them mentioned that they don’t have enough knowledge and 58.0% mentioned that they know nothing about the treatment.

Conclusion: This study provides a general overview of oral cancer awareness among Toombak dippers in Sudan as they are considered a high-risk group for oral cancer development. It is important to have healthcare professionals informed about oral cancer, as their knowledge and awareness of oral cancer and its risk factors, are vital in prevention and early detection of oral cancer.

Keywords: Oral Cancer; Toombak; Smokeless Tobacco; Awareness

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Citation: Amel Eltayeb and B Elhussein. “Oral Cancer Awareness among Smokeless Tobacco (Toombak) Dippers”. EC Dental Science 19.7 (2020): 46-55.

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