Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 6 - 2020
Microscopic and Elemental Analysis of Periodontally Diseased Root Surfaces for Evaluation of Efficacy of Scaling and Root Planing Done Under Magnification
Priyanka Kumari1, Kunwar Satish2, Anurag Saxena3 and Sudhanshu Agrawal4*
1Tutor, Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Dental Institute, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
2Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Mithila Minority Dental College and Hospital, Darbhanga, Bihar, India
3Dental Surgeon, NCD Clinic District Hospital, Gopeshwar, Chamoli, Uttarakhand, India
4Associate Professor, Department of Periodontology, Chandra Dental College and Hospital, Barabanki, UP, India
*Corresponding Author: Sudhanshu Agrawal, Associate Professor, Department of Periodontology, Chandra Dental College and Hospital, Barabanki, UP, India.
Received: May 15, 2020; Published: May 26, 2020


Background: A randomized controlled clinical study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of scaling and root planing (SRP) by using Magnifying Loupes (ML) and Dental Operating Microscope (DOM) and compared it with electron probe analysis.

Materials and Methods: A total of 15 human teeth scheduled for extraction from 3 patients aged between 25 and 65 years suffering from generalized chronic severe periodontitis were randomly assigned to three treatment groups. Group 1 consisted SRP performed without using magnification (unaided), Group 2‑SRP with ML and Group 3‑SRP with DOM. Following extractions, samples were prepared for (i) presence of smear layer, debris by scanning electron microscopy (ii) elemental analysis by energy dispersive X‑ray analysis. Data was subjected to statistical analysis using analysis of variance, post‑hoc (Tukey‑HSD) and Chi‑square test.

Results: Statistically significant (P < 0.001) difference was found among the different treatment groups. Group 3 was the best while Group 1 was the least effective technique for SRP.

Conclusion: Magnification tools significantly enhance the efficacy of supragingival and subgingival SRP.

Keywords: Energy Dispersive XRay Spectroscopy; Magnification; Scaling and Root Planing; Scanning Electron Microscopy


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Citation: Sudhanshu Agrawal., et al. “Microscopic and Elemental Analysis of Periodontally Diseased Root Surfaces for Evaluation of Efficacy of Scaling and Root Planing Done Under Magnification”. EC Dental Science 19.6 (2020): 103-111.

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