Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 6 - 2020
Er,Cr: YSGG Laser with Various Firing Tips: Its Magic Wand in Endodontics. Review
Nagy Abdulsamee1*, Ahmed Elkhadem2 and Passant Nagi3
1Head of Dental Biomaterials, Faculty of Dentistry, Modern University for Technology and Information, Egypt
2Assistant Professor of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine and Surgery, Cairo University, Egypt
3Lecturer of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine and Surgery, Cairo University, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Nagy Abdulsamee, Consultant Prosthodontics and Head of Dental Biomaterials, College of Dentistry, Modern University for Technology and Information, Egypt.
Received: April 24, 2020; Published: May 21, 2020




Abstract

The outcome of root canal treatment is based on efficient disinfection of the root canal system and prevention of reinfection. Current chemomechanical cleaning methods do not always achieve these goals, and insufficient root canal disinfection is the main reason for endodontic failure. Due to high energy content and specific characteristics of laser light, laser treatment has been proposed for cleaning and disinfecting the root canal system. This paper reviews the literature covering the effect of Er:YAG, Er,Cr:YSGG, Nd:YAG laser on the root canal wall in the removal of smear layer and against intracanal bacteria.

Recently, the use of laser energy to induce cavitation and acoustic streaming of intracanal irrigants using different laser tips has been investigated. Based on recent literature, it can be concluded that lasers have bactericidal effects and can remove smear layer effectively. However, they still cannot replace either EDTA or sodium hypochlorite and should be considered as an adjunct to the current chemical root canal disinfection protocols. Certain lasers can help in removing the smear layer and debris and can modify the morphology of the root canal wall. Unfortunately, there have not been enough randomized clinical studies evaluating endodontic treatment outcome following the use of laser.

Keywords: Endodontics; Root Canal; Er,Cr:YSGG Laser; Fiber Tips; Disinfection; Smear Layer; Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetic Acid (EDTA); Sodium Hypochlorite; Bond Strength; Surface Treatment; Composite Core; Fiber Post; Zirconia Post

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Citation: Nagy Abdulsamee., et al. “Er,Cr: YSGG Laser with Various Firing Tips: Its Magic Wand in Endodontics. Review”. EC Dental Science 19.6 (2020): 83-94.

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