Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 6 - 2020
Impact of Pregnancy on Dental Caries, Periodontal Diseases and Salivary pH, in Makkah Region
Shaima Al-harbi1, Reyoof Askar1, Asayl Jomah1, Amjad Alotaibi1*, Rahaf Al-quthami1 and Rabab salama2
1Dental Intern at Dental Faculty, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
2Assistant Professor of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Umm Alqura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Amjad Alotaibi, Dental Intern at Dental Faculty, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: March 25, 2020; Published: May 19, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: Dental caries and periodontal diseases are affected by many factors that influences their severity or progression. There is a strong correlation between hormonal changes during pregnancy and women's health including oral health.

Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of pregnancy on dental caries prevalence, periodontal conditions and salivary pH.

Material and Method: Cross sectional study was conducted including (223) pregnant and non-pregnant women of an age 18 - 40 years attending to primary health care centers and Maternity and Children Hospital (MCH) in Makkah city. Data was collected through two ways: self-administrated questionnaire and clinical assessment to measure three oral parameters using DMFT index (Organization, 1997), Periodontal Disease Index (Ramfjord, 1967) and saliva pH.

Result: Statistically significant difference (p = 0.03) was detected between pregnant and non-pregnant women regarding the decayed components of DMFT index, with mean value (3.910 and 3.185 respectively). On the other hand, salivary pH was more alkaline among non-pregnant than pregnant women with statistically significant (p = 0.000). Regarding periodontal statues both groups showed nearly similar results with no significant difference. However, when comparing between the pregnancy trimesters we found development of deep pockets (> 6 mm) in the second and third trimesters.

Conclusion: The results show higher caries prevalence with low salivary pH among pregnant women than non-pregnant. Development of deep pockets among pregnant women specially in the last trimesters of pregnancy.

Keywords: Pregnancy; Dental Caries; Periodontal Disease; Salivary pH; DMFT

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Citation: Shaima Al-harbi., et al. “Impact of Pregnancy on Dental Caries, Periodontal Diseases and Salivary pH, in Makkah Region”. EC Dental Science 19.6 (2020): 66-74.

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