Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 5 - 2020
Prevalence, Severity and Pattern of Early Childhood Caries in Two-to Five-Year-Old Pre-School Children in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Anas Shabra1*, Hala AlKattan2, Wejdan ALSaiari3, Bushra Alsolami3, Alaa Sanari2 and Doaa Banaamah2
1Dental Department, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Private Practice, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Anas Shabra, Private Practice, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: March 20, 2020; Published: April 13, 2020


Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity and pattern of early childhood caries (ECC) in two-to-five-year-old preschool children in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A total of 332 preschool children were randomly selected from ten private kindergartens from four different regions based on tuition fees in Jeddah.

Results: 228 (68.7%) children out of a total of 332 children were diagnosed with caries. The mean dmft for the 332 children was (3.90 ± 4.16) and the mean dmfs was (7.28 ± 11.44). There was no significant difference in caries prevalence in relation to gender. However, the prevalence of caries increased with age. Caries distribution among individual teeth was higher in maxillary teeth (20.55%) than in mandibular teeth (18.46%). Caries prevalence according to school tuition level was higher in low and middle fees schools as compared to high fees schools (P < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference in frequency of dental caries in relation to the four different Jeddah's regions (North, East, West, South) (P. value 0.122). Besides, there were no significant differences between the means of mt, ft and dmft except for dt that showed significant difference between Jeddah’s regions which was higher in Northern and Eastern regions than in Western and Southern regions (P. value 0.007). Moreover, there were no significant differences between the means of ms, fs and dmfs except for ds that showed significant differences between regions which was higher in Northern than other regions (P value 0.003).

Conclusion: Prevalence of Early Childhood caries in our study was (68.7%) therefore, we recommend that the dentist should be involved much earlier awareness as early as mother awareness during pregnancy.

Keywords: Prevalence; Severity; Dental Caries; Children; Primary Schools


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Citation: Anas Shabra., et al. “Prevalence, Severity and Pattern of Early Childhood Caries in Two-to Five-Year-Old Pre-School Children in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia”. EC Dental Science 19.5 (2020): 76-87.

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