Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 4 - 2020
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of HBV Infection in the Dental Pupils at Taif University
Bassuoni MW1, Alzahrani Yaser A2*, Alshehri Rayan A2, Bailoor Durgesh3, Al Shamrani Ammar4, Almalki Abdulaziz R2 and Mohammed Fahmi5
11Staff, Community Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Taif, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2Dentists, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Taif, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3Staff, Oral Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Taif, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
4Dean, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Taif, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
5Staff, Operative and Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Taif, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Alzahrani Yaser, Dentists, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Taif, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Received: March 17, 2020; Published: March 30, 2020


Background: The World Health Organization (WHO), states categorically that Hepatitis B infection is the world's most prevalent liver infection. Nearly forty five percent of the global population lives endemic regions [1].

Objective: To analyze the information, attitude, and practices of dental pupils regarding the Hepatitis B Virus infection at Taif university dental college institution of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using, a validated, pretested, structured questionnaire containing 14 questions on awareness, transmission, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, vaccination status, and post-exposure prophylaxis of HBV infection. Descriptive statistics were carried out along with the chi-square test and contingency coefficient.

Result: The response rate was ranging from 92% to 100% (n = 100) a total of (100%) pupils have heard of hepatitis B disease. Only 83,3% of pupils were immunized against HBV. A total of (94.4%) of pupils knew that hepatitis B is transmitted through contaminated or infected blood transfusions. Only 63.9% of pupils knew about the precise protocols about management of the post HBV problems.

Conclusion: The overall awareness regarding HBV disease was found to be acceptable among dental pupils and Hepatitis B awareness education improved their adherence to infection control protocols.

Keyword: Hepatitis B; Infection; Prevention; Incubation; Immunization


  1. World Health Organization. Hepatitis B (2012).
  2. TJ Liang. "Hepatitis B: the virus and Disease”. Hepatology5 (2009): S13-S21.
  3. Gillen M., et al. “Sharps-related injuries in California healthcare facilities: pilot scientific survey results from the Sharps Injury Surveillance Registry”. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 2 (2003): 113-121.
  4. Cotran RS., et al. “Robbins pathologic basis of disease, the liver and biliary tract”. 5th Philadelphia 5. (PA): WB Saunders Company (1994): 945.
  5. Tirounilacandin P., et al. “Hepatitis infection: Awareness among medical, dental interns in India". Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 2 (2009): 33-36.
  6. S Naidoo. “Dental practitioner risk, information and practice concerning the hepatitis B vaccination in South Africa”. Oral Diseases3 (1997): 172-175.
  7. PA Leggat., et al. “"Occupational health problems in modern dentistry: a review". Industrial Health 5 (2007): 611-621.
  8. Smelzer SC and Bare B. “Brunner and Suddarth's Textbook of medical surgical nursing”. 10th Lippincott Williams and Wiking. Philadelphia (2003).
  9. Bansal M., et al. “Information and awareness of Hepatitis B among first-year undergraduate pupils of three dental colleges in Haryana”. Dental Journal of Advance Studies 1 (2013): 15-17.
  10. Hu SW., et al. “Comparing dental pupils' information of and attitudes toward hepatitis B virus-, hepatitis C virus, and HIV-infected patients in Taiwan”. AIDS Patient Care and STDS 10 (2004): 587-593.
  11. Saini R., et al. “Information and awareness of Hepatitis B infection amongst the pupils of Rural Dental College, Maharashtra, India”. Annals of Nigerian Medicine 1 (2010): 18-20.
  12. Alavian SM., et al. “Iranian dental pupils' information of hepatitis B virus infection and its control practices”. Journal of Dental Education 12 (2011): 1627-1634.
  13. Sivarajasingam V., et al. “The extent of hepatitis B immunization among medical and dental pupils”. British Medical Journal 6999 (1995): 231.
  14. Bailoor DN., et al. “Information, awareness and level of vaccination of hepatitis B, amongst the pupils of Rural Dental College, Uvarsad, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India”. Journal of Education and Ethics in Dentistry 2 (2012): 69-73.
Citation: Alzahrani Yaser., et al. “Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of HBV Infection in the Dental Pupils at Taif University”. EC Dental Science 19.4 (2020): 169-177.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

January Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the November issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before February 10, 2023.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.