Review Article
Volume 19 Issue 4 - 2020
Surgical Management of Oro-Antral Communication (Updated Review)
Ahmed Wallan Alahmary1, Afnan Abdulrahman Al-dosari2, Jehan Muneer Al-mutairi2, Rehab Fayez Al-enazi2, Sarah Faihan Al-otaibi2, Waad Majed Al-mutairi2 and Ahmed M Elmarakby3,4*
1Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, AlFarabi Colleges for Dentistry and Nursing, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2BDS, AlFarabi College for Dentistry and Nursing, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3Assistant Professor, Department of Restorative Dental Science, AlFarabi Colleges for Dentistry and Nursing, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4Lecturer, Department of Operative Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Assiute Branch, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Ahmed M Elmarakby, Assistant Professor in the Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, Al-Farabi Colleges for Dentistry and Nursing, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and Lecturer of Operative Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Assiute Branch, Egypt.
Received: March 09, 2020; Published: March 26, 2020


Background: Oro-antral communication is one of the most common complications during the oral surgical procedure. It can be caused by several conditions like the presence of upper molars with long divergent roots, cyst, periapical infections, also can be caused by maxillary tuberosity fracture. This complication should be managed quickly to prevent the epithelial growth and fistula formation. Factors like site contamination, time of perforation and diameter of defect are critical in treatment plan of this communication. It can be managed by several techniques like the use of platelet rich fibrin, buccal pad of fat, through several types of surgical flaps like buccal advancement flap, palatal rotation flap, transposition flap, or by tongue flap. This review is aimed to give a comprehensive view about the etiologies, diagnosis and the variable surgical management of oro-antral communication.

Methodology: In this review, online researchers will be used to get articles to current subject using scientific databases such as PubMed, google scholar and dental medical books (with English language) about surgical management of oro-antral communication.

Keywords: Oro-Antral; Fistula; Communication; Oral Surgery; Complications


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Citation: Ahmed M Elmarakby., et al. “Surgical Management of Oro-Antral Communication (Updated Review)”. EC Dental Science 19.4 (2020): 162-168.

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