Review Article
Volume 19 Issue 2 - 2020
Silver Diamine Fluoride-A Narrative Review
Sonu Acharya1*, Susant Mohanty2, Bismay Singh3, Swagat Panda4 and Jnana Ranjan Swain3
1Professor, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Institute of Dental sciences, SOA (Deemed to be) University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2Professor and Head, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Institute of Dental sciences, SOA (Deemed to be) University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3Senior Lecturer, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Institute of Dental sciences, SOA (Deemed to be) University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
4Senior Lecturer, Department of Conservative and Endodontics, Hi-Tech Dental College, Bhubnaeswar, Odisha, India
*Corresponding Author: Sonu Acharya, Professor, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Institute of Dental sciences, SOA (Deemed to be) University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
Received: December 11, 20199; Published: January 29, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: Neglected dental caries is known to be a significant pediatric public health problem. Dental caries is a very common chronic illness affecting childhood. It often leads to lost school hours for children and lost work hours for their caregivers and also dental caries can cause a large physical toll on those with special health-care needs. Caries could be a difficult illness to treat in elderly individuals having age related issues.

Methods: The electronic databases were searched, namely-Pubmed, Scopus, Cochrane only for reviews on silver Diamine fluoride (SDF) for both children and adults since 2014 till date. Reviews written in English and involving humans were taken into consideration. The exclusion criteria included other study designs and reviews done in other languages.

Results: Consistent with the literature, topical 38% silver diamine fluoride arrests tooth decay and is effective for the short-term treatment of dental caries in pre-school age children. The effect is rapid and safe. The potential for microbial resistance appears low.

Conclusion: The antimicrobial effect of silver compounds has been approved by the one hundred-years-old use of silver metals for the management of various infections. SDF was being used in Japan to arrest dental caries during 1970s but was still not exposed much in other countries of the world. At present many countries are using 38% (44,800 ppm fluoride) SDF solution commonly to stop dental caries and decrease hypersensitivity in primary and permanent teeth. SDF (Silver Diamine Fluoride) has the potential to be a breakthrough product in the caries management world. It is a pain free, rapid and almost inexpensive option to break the caries process as a part of a total treatment plan.

Keywords: Dental Caries; Fluoride; Hypersensitivity; Smart Material

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Citation: Sonu Acharya., et al. “Silver Diamine Fluoride-A Narrative Review”. EC Dental Science 19.2 (2020): 01-06.

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