Review Article
Volume 19 Issue 2 - 2020
An Advanced Fiber-Reinforced Composite Solution for Gingival Inflammation and Bone Loss Related to Restorative Crowns
Richard C Petersen1*, Perng-Ru Liu2 and Michael S Reddy3
1Biomaterials and Restorative Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, United States of America
2Restorative Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, United States of America
3Office of the Dean, School of Dentistry, University of California at San Francisco, United States of America
*Corresponding Author: Richard C Petersen, Biomaterials and Restorative Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, United States of America.
Received: December 18, 2019; Published: January 29, 2020


Soaring gold prices have created an almost impossible void in the Dental Materials supply reserves for affordable patient posterior crowns. Fortunately, aerotech fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) materials in use for many diverse structural applications can be developed for dentistry to replace gold with computer-assisted design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) technology. Current dental ceramics or high-strength oxide ceramics like alumina and zirconia available for CAD/CAM have extremely poor fracture-toughness properties and can propagate microscopic cracks rapidly to sudden adverse brittle failure. As a highly promising alternative, exceptional FRC fracture toughness properties counteract brittle failure with high-strength fibers that act as major barriers to crack propagation. In addition, excellent rapid FRC CAD/CAM machining can offer one-patient appointments for single crowns. FRCs have high-strength fibers coupled into a polymer matrix with the ability to form strong covalent bonds with resin adhesives whereas ceramics do not bond well and oxide ceramics have non-reactive inert surfaces making resin bonding extremely difficult. Prominent adhesive free-radical covalent bonding by FRCs then provides a great opportunity to achieve a crown marginal reline directly on the patient’s clinical tooth for possible near zero-gap defect tolerances. To place crown gingival marginal defects in proper perspective, gaps between the tooth and crown expose luting cements that can wash out and provide space for microbial plaque growth. Bacterial toxins released from a crown-tooth interface can subsequently produce secondary decay, gingival inflammation and eventually under severe plaque environments breed periodontal disease with bone loss.

Keywords: Fiber-Reinforced Composite; Margins; Surface Roughness; Hydrophobic; Bacterial Adhesion; Gingival Recession


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Citation: Richard C Petersen., et al. “An Advanced Fiber-Reinforced Composite Solution for Gingival Inflammation and Bone Loss Related to Restorative Crowns”. EC Dental Science 19.2 (2020): 01-18.

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Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

August Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the August issue of respective journals and can be viewed in the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for September Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the September issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before August 21, 2020.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to