Literature Review
Volume 19 Issue 2 - 2020
Oral Pathology Secondary to the Use of Antihypertensive Drugs Encountered in Odontological Patients: A Comprehensive Literature Review
Vilela CR1, Ferreira KF1, Magalhães MSC1, Fonseca DP2 and Heleno JFG3*
1School of Dentistry, University Center Newton Paiva, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
2School of Biological Sciences and Health, University Center Newton Paiva, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
3Core Institute of Teaching and Research Hospital of Baleia Benjamin Guimarães Foundation, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Heleno JFG, Core Institute of Teaching and Research Hospital of Baleia Benjamin Guimarães Foundation, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
Received: November 25, 2019; Published: January 27, 2020




Abstract

Background: Systemic arterial hypertension is currently a disease of high prevalence thus patients with antihypertensive treatment are frequently encountered by periodontists. The relationship between antihypertensive drugs and the oral changes observed their use is reviewed.

Methods: Data collection was conducted through an extensive literature review of bibliographic research published in the last 15 years using Google Academic, LILACS, MEDLINE/PubMed and similar databases.

Results: The reviewed literature showed oral alterations related to the used of antihypertensive drugs is commonly encountered by oral surgeons. The most frequent were: xerostomia, hyposalivation, drug induced gingival hyperplasia, angioedema, alterations in the palate, aphthous stomatitis, pemphigus and lichenoid eruptions.

Conclusion and Practical Implications: This review alerts dental surgeons on the expected oral pathological complications encountered in patients under antihypertensive management.

Keywords: Oral Lesions; Antihypertensives; Adverse Effects; Oral Manifestations; Systemic Arterial Hypertension

References

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Citation: Heleno JFG., et al. “Oral Pathology Secondary to the Use of Antihypertensive Drugs Encountered in Odontological Patients: A Comprehensive Literature Review”. EC Dental Science 19.2 (2020): 01-12.

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