Review Article
Volume 18 Issue 12 - 2019
Apical Periodontitis in Canal Treated Teeth: A Literature Review
Hatem Faisal Bajnaid1*, Mubarak Abdullah Algothmi2, Afnan Fowzy Bahaider3, Fawaz Saleh Alolaywi4, Abeer Assaf Alshammari5, Maryam Fuad Alomran6, Ahmed Soliman Alnoury3, Fahad Siraj Eid Almalki2, Nada Mahmoud Bamanie7, Reem Abdulwahed Aljishi3, Renad Abdulfattah Abdulkarim3
1Department of Endodontics, King Fahad Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Primary Health Care, Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3College of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4Primary Health Care, Ministry of Health, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
5College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
6College of Dentistry, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
7Department of Dentistry, King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Hatem Faisal Bajnaid, Department of Endodontics, King Fahad Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: October 21, 2019; Published: November 11, 2019




Abstract

The success rate of root canal treatment (RCT) is relatively high and may reach up to 95%. However, it has been associated with a high prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP). We performed an extensive literature search of the Medline, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases on 20 September 2019. Papers discussing RCT and its association with AP were screened for relevant information. There are many limitations to RCT including; the proper visualization and the ability to adequately disinfect the canal system. The prevalence of AP following RCT is highly variable and depends on multiple factors. These factors may be related to the procedure itself including; the quality of RCT, the status of CR, and the cast restoration performed. They can be also related subjective factors of the studied population like the presence of uncontrolled diabetes, smoking, cultural differences and low quality of health care provided. AP cannot be eliminated by host defense mechanisms and treatment is necessary to eliminate the infection. The treatment may include surgical or non-surgical options, according to the response.

Keywords: Root Canal Treatment (RCT); Apical Periodontitis (AP)

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Citation: Hatem Faisal Bajnaid., et al. “Apical Periodontitis in Canal Treated Teeth: A Literature Review”. EC Dental Science 18.12 (2019): 01-07.

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