Review Article
Volume 18 Issue 12 - 2019
Early Childhood Carious: A Literature Review
Basim Abdullah Al Musa1*, Danya Mansoor Al Hamad2, Noura Saleh Bin Saeed3, Bashayer Mohammed Alhazmi4, Rand Bin Salloum5, Khadija Sameer Alabdrabalridha6, Fawaz Saleh Alolaywi7, Amal Masud Alaabs8, Khaled Saad Alkhaldi9, Mohammed Osama Bader6 and Abbas Hassan Al Alshaikh10
1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dammam Medical Complex, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
2College of Dentistry, Medical university of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
3College of Dentistry, Alfarabi Colleges, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
5College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
6Department of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
7Primary Health Care, Ministry of Health, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
8College of Dentistry, Imam Abdurahman bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
9Hazm Sahik Primary Healthcare Center, Ministry of Health, Safwa, Saudi Arabia
10Department of Dentistry, Rafha Specialist Dental Center, Rafha, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Basim Abdullah Al Musa, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dammam Medical Complex Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
Received: October 21, 2019; Published: November 06, 2019




Abstract

Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is defined as having one or more decayed teeth, missed teeth (due to caries), or filled tooth surfaces; involving any primary tooth in children aged 71 months or younger. It represents a rising global health problem, with a high prevalence that may reach up to 94% in some communities. We have performed an extensive literature search of the Medline, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases to identify any papers relevant to ECC. ECC found to be multifactorial in nature, resulting from an interaction between micro-organisms, dietary, and socio-economic factors. Its progression may lead to pain and reduced ability to eat, with subsequent effect on child growth and development. The focus on the prevention and management of ECC should be modifying these factors along with proper health education of both the parents and the child.

Keywords: American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD); Early Childhood Caries (ECC)

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Citation: Basim Abdullah Al Musa., et al. “Early Childhood Carious: A Literature Review”. EC Dental Science 18.12 (2019): 01-07.

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