Research Article
Volume 18 Issue 8 - 2019
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Dental Undergraduates and Practitioners Regarding Oral Cancer in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Bashair Alsaud1*, Khalid Aboalshamat2, Shahad Baheydrah3, Khadeja Bukhari4, Najwa Al Mutairy4 and Bashair Aljubairy5
1Master Student, Orthodontics Department, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Dental Public Health Division, Preventative Dentistry Department, College of Dentistry, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
3General Dentist, King Abdulaziz University Dental Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4General Dentist, Private Clinic, Saudi Arabia
5Teaching Assistant Dentist, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Bashair Alsaud, Master Student, Orthodontics Department, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: July 09, 2019; Published: July 29, 2019




Abstract

Background: Oral cancer is the sixth most common type of cancer. A significant reason for dentists’ late diagnosis of oral cancer is lack of information.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess oral cancer knowledge, attitudes, and practices among dental undergraduates and practitioners in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Methodology: A total of 400 dental practitioners and students participated in this cross-sectional study. Data were collected using a validated self-administered questionnaire modified from a previous study. Data were analyzed using SPSS software for T-tests, ANOVA, and linear regression tests.

Results: The mean score of correct answers about oral cancer risk factors was 6.07 (SD = 2.74) out of 12 questions. The most frequently identified factor was smoking (89.75%), whereas the least was poor diet/nutrition (19.25%). The mean score of correct answers about oral cancer signs and symptoms was 4.75 (SD = 2.23) out of nine questions. Non-healing ulcers (77%) was most commonly identified, and voice changes the least (31.75%). Total scores on risk factors and signs/symptoms were significantly higher (p < 0.05) among graduates from governmental institutes and Saudis as compared with private schools and non-Saudis. Also, graduates scored better (p = 0.012) than interns on signs and symptoms. Most respondents wanted to improve their oral cancer knowledge (87.5%). A total of 42% felt adequality trained to help stop smoking. Most participants reported that they had adequate practice in detecting oral cancer during examinations, but only 54% routinely take biopsies for suspicious lesions.

Conclusion: Both dental students and dentists have sub-optimal levels of knowledge about oral cancer despite highly rating their own abilities. It is important to enforce academic curricula and continuing education with a focus on boosting oral cancer knowledge for early detection of this important disease.

Keywords: Oral Cancer; Knowledge; Attitudes; Saudi Arabia

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Citation: Bashair Alsaud., et al. “Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Dental Undergraduates and Practitioners Regarding Oral Cancer in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia”. EC Dental Science 18.8 (2020): 1944-1952.

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