Conceptual Paper
Volume 17 Issue 9 - 2018
Dentistry and Oral Health
Begoña Moreno1,2, Javier Cuéllar1, Maximiliano Muñoz1, Daniel Veloso2 and Julio Villanueva1,2*
1Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, San Borja Arriaràn Hospital, Santiago, Chile
2Faculty of Dentistry, University of Chile, Chile
*Corresponding Author: Julio Villanueva, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, San Borja Arriaràn Hospital, Santiago, Chile.
Received: July 18, 2018; Published: August 16, 2018
Citation: Julio Villanueva., et al. “Dentistry and Oral Health”. EC Dental Science 17.9 (2018): 1517-1518.
Abstract
The world health organization (WHO) describes health as a complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and or infirmity [1]. The physical aspect of this definition corresponds to the well-being of the anatomical structures of the individual allowing their correct functioning; mental aspect refers to the psychological aspects such as self-perception of abilities, personality development, facing adverse situations in life, etc.; and the social aspect refers to the correct development of people in relation to their environment, according to their living conditions and inserted in a medium, contributing to itself and constituting an active entity.
To this, we must add one last concept: quality of life. This concept was coined during the XX century, initially related to a state of happiness and economical wealth allowing to satisfy all needs. However, as time passed, this concept changed, being used in health investigations[2] until the WHO defined it as the individual’s perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns [3]. Despite it seems that quality of life is rather a personal and social dimension, it has been proved that the experience of pain, discomfort or functional limitations have a negative impact in the quality of life [4].
Given the breadth of these definitions, as health professionals, we must consider the multidimensionality that our relationship with the patients should encompass. Hence, the oral-maxillofacial component is vital since its well-being, harmony and correct functioning directly contributes to the development of the three mentioned aspects of health and, consequently, on the quality of life of people.
In this context, dentistry since its inception has aimed to give treatment and relief to oral and maxillofacial abnormalities and pathologies: ranging from dental caries and periodontal disease up to dentofacial deformities and cleft lip and palate, directly contributing to the fulfillment on the first and third aspects of the previously established definition of health.
Copyright: © 2018 Julio Villanueva., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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