Review Article
Volume 17 Issue 8 - 2018
“Under the Skin of the Teeth” - Ectodermal Dysplasia A Review
Akshata G Kamath1*, Naveen Krishna KV2, Arjun Hegde3 and Uma Mayoor Prabhu4
1Reader, Department of Periodontics, Century International Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Kerala, India
2Consultant Periodontist, Dental Make Over Orthodontic and Periodontic, Speciality Clinic, Kerala, India
3Assistant Professor, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Karnataka, India
Reader, Department of Prosthodontics, Yenopoya Dental College, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding Author: Akshata G Kamath, Reader, Department of Periodontics, Century International Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Kerala, India.
Received: June 04, 2018; Published: July 17, 2018
Citation: Akshata G Kamath., et al. ““Under the Skin of the Teeth” - Ectodermal Dysplasia A Review”. EC Dental Science 17.8 (2018): 1325-1334.
Abstract
Ectodermal dysplasias are hereditary disorders which involves congenital defects of two or more ectodermal structures. Its occurrence is mainly attributed to disturbance in the ectoderm of the developing embryo. Most prominent feature includes hypoplasia or aplasia of structures such as skin, hair, nails, teeth, sweat glands, parts of the eye and ear and other organs. Two major forms can be commonly distinguished (1) Hypohidrotic form in which sweat glands are either absent or reduced (2) Hydrotic form in which sweat glands are normal. However more than 150 types of different pathological clinical conditions of ectodermal dysplasia have been recognised, significantly encountered types have been described in this article. Since various forms of Ectodermal dysplasias are diagnosed it becomes very essential to identify which type the individual or the family is affected. Treatment involves an multidisciplinary approach involving pediatric professionals, psychologist, ENT specialist and speech therapist and dentists, who play a major role in improving physical, and psychosocial development and improving speech, mastication and overall esthetics.
Keywords: Ectodermal Dysplasia; Autosomal Dominant/ Recessive; Hypodontia; Hypohydrosis; Hypotrichosis
Copyright: © 2018 Akshata G Kamath., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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