Research Article
Volume 17 Issue 7 - 2018
Preventive and Interceptive Orthodontic Treatment Needs of 6 to 9 Years Old Egyptian Children (Prevalence Cross-Sectional Study)
Manar Mousaad Ibrahim1*, Amr Ezzat Abdel Latif2 and Manal Ahmed El-Shiekh2
1MSc Student, Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
2Associate Professor of Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Manar Mousaad Ibrahim, MSc Student, Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.
Received: May 14, 2018; Published: June 19, 2018
Citation: Manar Mousaad Ibrahim., et al. “Preventive and Interceptive Orthodontic Treatment Needs of 6 to 9 Years Old Egyptian Children (Prevalence Cross-Sectional Study)”. EC Dental Science 17.7 (2018): 1009-1025.
Abstract
Back ground: The aim of this study was to determine orthodontic treatment needs among groups of six to nine years old Egyptian children using modified index for preventive and interceptive orthodontic needs (IPION) in the mixed dentition stage as to decrease the need for orthodontic treatment in adult dentition stage.
Methods: This study was performed on about 97 healthy Egyptian children were divided into two groups according to their gender (boys and girls), their ages in the range of six years to nine years old. Apparently medically free from any systemic diseases or genetic syndromes. No previous history of orthodontic treatment.
No serious illness or previous major surgery in the craniofacial region. The first permanent molar should be erupted. Upper and lower alginate impressions were taken after casting the Acceptable casts only were included in the study, measured for different scores for the criteria of the index using caliper.
Results: Need for Treatment was recorded in 43.8% of children were IPION value of score 5 or higher was included in this group (50.0% boys and 38.2% girls of examined children) (28.0% for 6 years, 35.7% for 7 years, 52.4% for 8 years, and 63.6% for 9 years) for different tested age groups.
Conclusion: The prevalence in this study group of certain variables (caries, premature loss of deciduous teeth, overjets, openbites, crossbites and overbites) in the early mixed dentition that could lead to malocclusions in permanent dentition was unacceptably high for a developing country such as Egypt.
Keywords: Modified Index for Preventive and Interceptive Orthodontic Needs (IPION); Prevalence of Orthodontic Treatment Needs in Egypt; Caries; Premature Loss of Deciduous Teeth; Overjets; Openbites; Crossbites; Overbites
Copyright: © 2018 Manar Mousaad Ibrahim., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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